Elvas city has three walls encircling the town, this is the outer most wall

Elvas city has three walls encircling the town, this is the outer most wall

Requalificação do Jardim das Laranjeiras (Requalification of the Orange Garden) is a garden beside the city walls of Elvas

Requalificação do Jardim das Laranjeiras (Requalification of the Orange Garden) is a garden beside the city walls of Elvas

Here orange tress are seen between the two sections of the wall

Here orange tress are seen between the two sections of the wall

Defensive system of the Elvas town seen at Rua de Alferes C Pinto

Defensive system of the Elvas town seen at Rua de Alferes C Pinto

Arco do Bispo (Arch of the Bhishop) is located at Rua Isabel Maria Picão

Arco do Bispo (Arch of the Bhishop) is located at Rua Isabel Maria Picão

It appears to be that a door may have existed here in the past, as a part of the second wall of Elvas

It appears to be that a door may have existed here in the past, as a part of the second wall of Elvas

The second wall of Elvas was built between 10th-11th centuries during the Muslim period

The second wall of Elvas was built between 10th-11th centuries during the Muslim period

A small chapel beside the Arch of the Bishop

A small chapel beside the Arch of the Bishop

A section of the second wall beside the Arco do Bispo can be seen in this photo

A section of the second wall beside the Arco do Bispo can be seen in this photo

Additions were made to the second wall but majority of the wall was from the Muslim era in the Iberian Peninsula

Additions were made to the second wall but majority of the wall was from the Muslim era in the Iberian Peninsula

Houses built beside the old wall and small arches to connect them

Houses built beside the old wall and small arches to connect them

This arch is situated between R. da Cadeia and the Praça da República (the Republic Square)

This arch is situated between R. da Cadeia and the Praça da República (the Republic Square)

This arch (door) was part of the second wall of the city

This arch (door) was part of the second wall of the city

Close to this arch, lies the famous the Fernandina Tower which was also once part of the second wall

Close to this arch, lies the famous the Fernandina Tower which was also once part of the second wall

Looking at the door from the Republic Square

Looking at the door from the Republic Square

Pelourinho (Pillory) at Rua do Arco de Santa Clara with the Porta do Templo in the background

Pelourinho (Pillory) at Rua do Arco de Santa Clara with the Porta do Templo in the background

This door was part of citadel built during the Muslim period (belonged to the first wall)

This door was part of citadel built during the Muslim period (belonged to the first wall)

After the conquest of Elvas, the real estate close to this gate was given to  the Templars religious-military order, hence the name suggests

After the conquest of Elvas, the real estate close to this gate was given to the Templars religious-military order, hence the name suggests

This arch is from the Muslim period and it is to the right of the Porta do Templo

This arch is from the Muslim period and it is to the right of the Porta do Templo

The first entrance was perpendicular to the wall and gave access to a chamber that preceded the entry into the walled enclosure

The first entrance was perpendicular to the wall and gave access to a chamber that preceded the entry into the walled enclosure

This is the third wall of Elvas, situated next to Rua Baluarte do Principe

This is the third wall of Elvas, situated next to Rua Baluarte do Principe

Due to the proximity to the Spanish border, Elvas was besieged many times in the past

Due to the proximity to the Spanish border, Elvas was besieged many times in the past

Arco do Miradeiro is located at Rua Arco do Miradeiro - it is also known as Porta da Alcáçova (the Citadel Door)

Arco do Miradeiro is located at Rua Arco do Miradeiro - it is also known as Porta da Alcáçova (the Citadel Door)

This door was placed in the outer wall of Yalbash (name of Elvas during the Muslim rule)

This door was placed in the outer wall of Yalbash (name of Elvas during the Muslim rule)

Ceiling of the Arco do Miradeiro

Ceiling of the Arco do Miradeiro

An original gate was built during the 8th and 9th centuries and cut stones were also used in the construction

An original gate was built during the 8th and 9th centuries and cut stones were also used in the construction

Remarkably, this door is well preserved after 11 centuries

Remarkably, this door is well preserved after 11 centuries

The last walls of Elvas was constructed in the 17th century by a Flemish Jesuit engineer Cosmander designed the formidable defences,

The last walls of Elvas was constructed in the 17th century by a Flemish Jesuit engineer Cosmander designed the formidable defences,

These walls were designed in 1643, during the Portuguese Restoration War

These walls were designed in 1643, during the Portuguese Restoration War

These walls are star shaped with 12 faces and three gates

These walls are star shaped with 12 faces and three gates

This is one of the doors in the third walls of Elvas - it was supported by a drawbridge

This is one of the doors in the third walls of Elvas - it was supported by a drawbridge

Looking at the drawbridge door from inside

Looking at the drawbridge door from inside

This door opens out towrads the direction of Forte de Santa Luzia

This door opens out towrads the direction of Forte de Santa Luzia

I was here on the previous evening and I took cover inside the door during the rain

I was here on the previous evening and I took cover inside the door during the rain

Some of the remains of the first two walls of Elvas

Some of the remains of the first two walls of Elvas

Here, it appears to be that old city wall became part of a house

Here, it appears to be that old city wall became part of a house

The False Gate lies in the third wall and it was built to divide the enemy attack

The False Gate lies in the third wall and it was built to divide the enemy attack

Built in 1650 , this gate would lead enemy into a dead end rather than into the city

Built in 1650 , this gate would lead enemy into a dead end rather than into the city

This is an eighteenth century water fountain, known as Fountain of Santa Monica

This is an eighteenth century water fountain, known as Fountain of Santa Monica

Old cistern was built here to supply the water to the fortress

Old cistern was built here to supply the water to the fortress

Upper sections of the third defensive walls can be seen here - in the background lies the Amoreira Aqueduct

Upper sections of the third defensive walls can be seen here - in the background lies the Amoreira Aqueduct