Entrance to the Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Hassan - this mosque is located very close to the Cairo Citadel

Entrance to the Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Hassan - this mosque is located very close to the Cairo Citadel

Standing in front of the mosque and looking at the Cairo Citadel - the Mosque of Muhammad Ali Pasha can be seen in the background

Standing in front of the mosque and looking at the Cairo Citadel - the Mosque of Muhammad Ali Pasha can be seen in the background

Opposite side of the street (Salah el-Deen Street) - away from the Cairo Citadel

Opposite side of the street (Salah el-Deen Street) - away from the Cairo Citadel

A plaque on the wall shows the date of construction of this mosuqe by Sultan Hassan in 1356 - Sultan Hassan was the son of Sultan al-Nasir

A plaque on the wall shows the date of construction of this mosuqe by Sultan Hassan in 1356 - Sultan Hassan was the son of Sultan al-Nasir

Exterior of the Sultan Hassan Mosque -Madrassa - Sultan Hassan was murdered in 1361 but construction of this mosque  wasn't completed till 1363

Exterior of the Sultan Hassan Mosque -Madrassa - Sultan Hassan was murdered in 1361 but construction of this mosque wasn't completed till 1363

Details of the entrace door of the mosque - the tremendous height of the portal is emphasized by the spiral cut pilasters, as well as by the vertical panels on each side of the porch

Details of the entrace door of the mosque - the tremendous height of the portal is emphasized by the spiral cut pilasters, as well as by the vertical panels on each side of the porch

Looking out from the door of the Mosque-Madrassa - one of the external walls of Rifai Mosque is visible in this photo

Looking out from the door of the Mosque-Madrassa - one of the external walls of Rifai Mosque is visible in this photo

After entering the door, to the left is a huge skylight which was created to bring natural light to the covered corridor of the mosque

After entering the door, to the left is a huge skylight which was created to bring natural light to the covered corridor of the mosque

The courtyard of this mosque centers on a domed ablutions fountain which resembles to Ottoman architectural style and this could be a later addition

The courtyard of this mosque centers on a domed ablutions fountain which resembles to Ottoman architectural style and this could be a later addition

Ablution is part of the cleaning ritual before can say his/her prayer - the ablution fountain is surrounded by the four iwans

Ablution is part of the cleaning ritual before can say his/her prayer - the ablution fountain is surrounded by the four iwans

Lower part of the ablution fountain of the Sultan Hassan Mosque-Madrassa

Lower part of the ablution fountain of the Sultan Hassan Mosque-Madrassa

Ceiling of the fountain

Ceiling of the fountain

A small structure in the middle of the ablution fountain - it was added for the decorative or practical purposes, hard to tell

A small structure in the middle of the ablution fountain - it was added for the decorative or practical purposes, hard to tell

Looking at the one of the iwans which contains the mehrab and minbar - each of the four iwans represents one school of Sunni Islam, consisting of Shafii, Maliki, Hanafi and Hanbali

Looking at the one of the iwans which contains the mehrab and minbar - each of the four iwans represents one school of Sunni Islam, consisting of Shafii, Maliki, Hanafi and Hanbali

Each iwan is decorated with the hanging lamps - their height and size is different from each other

Each iwan is decorated with the hanging lamps - their height and size is different from each other

Hanging lamps in one of the four iwans

Hanging lamps in one of the four iwans

One of the iwan contains mihrab and minbar

One of the iwan contains mihrab and minbar

To the right of the minbar in this room is a bronze door, exquisitely decorated with radiating stars in gold and silver, which leads into the mausoleum of Sultan Hassan

To the right of the minbar in this room is a bronze door, exquisitely decorated with radiating stars in gold and silver, which leads into the mausoleum of Sultan Hassan

Close up of the mehrab - it is decorated with soft-hued marble inlay and a band of Kufic script

Close up of the mehrab - it is decorated with soft-hued marble inlay and a band of Kufic script

Decorative details of the upper part of the mehrab

Decorative details of the upper part of the mehrab

A wooden chair in front of the mehrab - it is used by the imam for Friday sermon

A wooden chair in front of the mehrab - it is used by the imam for Friday sermon

This mosque is huge in size and it measures 150m in length and covering an area of 7,906 sq m. Its walls rise to 36m and its tallest minaret to 68m

This mosque is huge in size and it measures 150m in length and covering an area of 7,906 sq m. Its walls rise to 36m and its tallest minaret to 68m

Stucco on one of the walls of the mosque

Stucco on one of the walls of the mosque

A window on one of the iwans which contains the minbar and mehrab

A window on one of the iwans which contains the minbar and mehrab

Two women are inside one of the iwans - here sheer size of this structure can be compared

Two women are inside one of the iwans - here sheer size of this structure can be compared

This small corridor was blocked - may be it led to the stairs which were destroyed in the past

This small corridor was blocked - may be it led to the stairs which were destroyed in the past