Staircases of the Apadana Palace are one of the best ways to understand the ancient Iranian culture and the main events of the era

Staircases of the Apadana Palace are one of the best ways to understand the ancient Iranian culture and the main events of the era

Here three guards are depicted on the northern staircase of the Apadana Palace - these stairs were official access to the palace

Here three guards are depicted on the northern staircase of the Apadana Palace - these stairs were official access to the palace

On this wall, a struggle between a lion and a bull can be seen - this scene has been depicted on four different places

On this wall, a struggle between a lion and a bull can be seen - this scene has been depicted on four different places

A close view of the fight - it is believed that this motif is very old in the ancient Iranian history

A close view of the fight - it is believed that this motif is very old in the ancient Iranian history

This relief represents various dignitaries coming to the palace

This relief represents various dignitaries coming to the palace

It shows the visitors are mixing with the Iranian people of the royal court

It shows the visitors are mixing with the Iranian people of the royal court

Those with the round caps are identified as Medians (modern day Iraq) and one with straights caps are the Persians

Those with the round caps are identified as Medians (modern day Iraq) and one with straights caps are the Persians

This photo shows a chariot which may have been a gift for the king - one thing to note in this photo is that pin in the middle of the wheel has a photo of a woman (the only female figure on the staircase)

This photo shows a chariot which may have been a gift for the king - one thing to note in this photo is that pin in the middle of the wheel has a photo of a woman (the only female figure on the staircase)

This relief depicts a horse and it's handler - is it showing the owner or a gift to the king, probably the first one is true

This relief depicts a horse and it's handler - is it showing the owner or a gift to the king, probably the first one is true

Soldiers are depicted on the stairs of Apadana Palace

Soldiers are depicted on the stairs of Apadana Palace

A closer look at the soldiers

A closer look at the soldiers

The colour shown in this photo was the original colour of the stone and women were hired to polish the stones

The colour shown in this photo was the original colour of the stone and women were hired to polish the stones

The Apadana Staircase seen from the top

The Apadana Staircase seen from the top

Juniper seemed to be the favourite tree when it came to decorate these stairs

Juniper seemed to be the favourite tree when it came to decorate these stairs

The Armenian delegation bringing a horse as a present and also an amphora with eagle griffin handles

The Armenian delegation bringing a horse as a present and also an amphora with eagle griffin handles

The Babyloanians are bringing a bull as a gift to the king

The Babyloanians are bringing a bull as a gift to the king

The Lydians (modern day Turkey ) are depicted here with their gifts of bowls, armlets and a two-horsed chariot

The Lydians (modern day Turkey ) are depicted here with their gifts of bowls, armlets and a two-horsed chariot

The Cappadocians (modern day Turkey) are shown here with their gift of a horse

The Cappadocians (modern day Turkey) are shown here with their gift of a horse

In this relief, the Assyrians are depicted with their lambs as a gift to the king

In this relief, the Assyrians are depicted with their lambs as a gift to the king

Bactrians (modern day Afghanistan and parts of Pakistan) bringing a present to the king on nou ruz (Iranian New Year)

Bactrians (modern day Afghanistan and parts of Pakistan) bringing a present to the king on nou ruz (Iranian New Year)

The Bactrian delegation are shown 2nd from the left on the top tier of the Apadana stairway

The Bactrian delegation are shown 2nd from the left on the top tier of the Apadana stairway

The Elamites are bringing bring a lioness with 2 cubs - the Elamites used to live around Susa and Southern Iran

The Elamites are bringing bring a lioness with 2 cubs - the Elamites used to live around Susa and Southern Iran

Here Cythians are  shown by bringing armlets, a stallion and median clothing

Here Cythians are shown by bringing armlets, a stallion and median clothing

Ionians (Greeks) are shown bringing offerings to the King

Ionians (Greeks) are shown bringing offerings to the King

Parthians (north-eastern Iran) are shown 2nd from the left on the bottom tier of the Apadana stairway

Parthians (north-eastern Iran) are shown 2nd from the left on the bottom tier of the Apadana stairway

The Indians are shown here with a mule and battle axes as gifts to the king

The Indians are shown here with a mule and battle axes as gifts to the king

The Indians also brought bags of gold as well - they are depicted 5th from the right on the bottom tier of the Apadana stairway

The Indians also brought bags of gold as well - they are depicted 5th from the right on the bottom tier of the Apadana stairway

The Amyrgian Scythians (Sogdians) are shown here bringing a horse as a gift

The Amyrgian Scythians (Sogdians) are shown here bringing a horse as a gift

A side view of the northern staircase of the Apadana Palace in Persepolis

A side view of the northern staircase of the Apadana Palace in Persepolis

A snapshot of the centre of the eastern stairs at the Apadana Palace

A snapshot of the centre of the eastern stairs at the Apadana Palace

This part of the stairs show eight soldiers lined together, divided into two halves

This part of the stairs show eight soldiers lined together, divided into two halves

Second set of the four soldiers depicted at the staircase

Second set of the four soldiers depicted at the staircase