The road from Mertola to Serpa is very scenic and it passes through Guadiana Valley Natural Park

The road from Mertola to Serpa is very scenic and it passes through Guadiana Valley Natural Park

This is the name of the street where I parked my car while visiting Serpa town - I took the photo of the street incase I forgot where the car was

This is the name of the street where I parked my car while visiting Serpa town - I took the photo of the street incase I forgot where the car was

Camara Municipal de Serpa (Serpa Town Hall) is situated in a small but beautiful square

Camara Municipal de Serpa (Serpa Town Hall) is situated in a small but beautiful square

At first glance, Serpa looks a sleepy town but it offers a great wealth to history enthusiasts

At first glance, Serpa looks a sleepy town but it offers a great wealth to history enthusiasts

The old town, contained within the town walls, is an atmospheric place of narrow cobbled streets

The old town, contained within the town walls, is an atmospheric place of narrow cobbled streets

In Serpa, artifacts have been found from the Paleolithic, Neolithic, Roman and the Muslim era

In Serpa, artifacts have been found from the Paleolithic, Neolithic, Roman and the Muslim era

Due to the proximity to the Spanish border, this town has seen many battles in the past

Due to the proximity to the Spanish border, this town has seen many battles in the past

King Sancho II took Serpa from the Muslim hands in 1232

King Sancho II took Serpa from the Muslim hands in 1232

Serpa is famous for its cheeses and it is sold in the local market held once a month

Serpa is famous for its cheeses and it is sold in the local market held once a month

Flowers and small plants outside a house, close to the Serpa Castle

Flowers and small plants outside a house, close to the Serpa Castle

An old windmill seen from the walls of the Serpa Castle

An old windmill seen from the walls of the Serpa Castle

The Clock Tower (also a bell tower) lies close to the Sepa Castle - once it was part of the castle defense system

The Clock Tower (also a bell tower) lies close to the Sepa Castle - once it was part of the castle defense system

The Church of Santa Maria is beside the Serpa Castle and this church was built on the site of a former mosque

The Church of Santa Maria is beside the Serpa Castle and this church was built on the site of a former mosque

 It is still possible to make out the remains of a cylindrical base leading to believe that bell tower was once a minaret of a mosque

It is still possible to make out the remains of a cylindrical base leading to believe that bell tower was once a minaret of a mosque

An olive tree in front of the Santa Maria Church

An olive tree in front of the Santa Maria Church

Steps in front of the Town Hall, it shows the date of 1875

Steps in front of the Town Hall, it shows the date of 1875

Serpa City Walls seen at the end of a street - most parts of the old town are still within the city walls

Serpa City Walls seen at the end of a street - most parts of the old town are still within the city walls

The roof of this house is packed with the plants

The roof of this house is packed with the plants

Some of the plants at the entrance door of the house

Some of the plants at the entrance door of the house

A house at the side of a road in Serpa

A house at the side of a road in Serpa

An old and rusty balcony of a house

An old and rusty balcony of a house

I was tempted to take a photo of a black cat in the street

I was tempted to take a photo of a black cat in the street

She didn't seem to be too impressed with my camera

She didn't seem to be too impressed with my camera

Just outside Serpa lies the Ermida de Nossa Senhora de Guadalupe (Chapel of Our Lady of Guadalupe)

Just outside Serpa lies the Ermida de Nossa Senhora de Guadalupe (Chapel of Our Lady of Guadalupe)

The church sits on a small hill surrounded by olive trees

The church sits on a small hill surrounded by olive trees

There is a tower beside the church which has very unusual shape

There is a tower beside the church which has very unusual shape

It gives an impression that this tower could be a minaret of a former mosque

It gives an impression that this tower could be a minaret of a former mosque

A small entrance is seen to the right side of the tower

A small entrance is seen to the right side of the tower

There were no information about the building and it seemed to be off the beaten track

There were no information about the building and it seemed to be off the beaten track

Exerior of Ermida de Nossa Senhora de Guadalupe

Exerior of Ermida de Nossa Senhora de Guadalupe

The door in the middle of the photo opens into the main hall of the church but it was closed

The door in the middle of the photo opens into the main hall of the church but it was closed

White washed Chapel Our lady of Guadalupe - this church was built in the 15th century, during the reign of King Afonso

White washed Chapel Our lady of Guadalupe - this church was built in the 15th century, during the reign of King Afonso

The church is built with the sandstone, sourced locally

The church is built with the sandstone, sourced locally

This sign in Portuguese language might shed more light about the building

This sign in Portuguese language might shed more light about the building

There was a house, next to the church - I knocked at the door but didn't get any reply

There was a house, next to the church - I knocked at the door but didn't get any reply

A small porch built over the door which provides access to the inner hall of the church

A small porch built over the door which provides access to the inner hall of the church

Interior of the church seen from a window

Interior of the church seen from a window

The farm overlooking the Hermitage was one of the Infante Dom Henrique landings during the Algarve self-exile that marked the final phase of his life

The farm overlooking the Hermitage was one of the Infante Dom Henrique landings during the Algarve self-exile that marked the final phase of his life

A mast is installed next to the church among olive trees

A mast is installed next to the church among olive trees

The location of this church above the hill offers a panoramic view of the surrounding areas

The location of this church above the hill offers a panoramic view of the surrounding areas