Al-Rifai Mosque (on right) is seen here from the Cairo Citadel - on left is the Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Hassan

Al-Rifai Mosque (on right) is seen here from the Cairo Citadel - on left is the Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Hassan

Steps leading to the entrance of al-Rifai Mosque - this entrance is located opposite to the Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Hassan

Steps leading to the entrance of al-Rifai Mosque - this entrance is located opposite to the Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Hassan

This mosque was constructed in two phases between 1869 and 1912

This mosque was constructed in two phases between 1869 and 1912

Decorative ceiling of al-Rifai Mosque - this Royal mosque was built to replace a small shrine to the medieval Islamic saint Al Rifa'i

Decorative ceiling of al-Rifai Mosque - this Royal mosque was built to replace a small shrine to the medieval Islamic saint Al Rifa'i

Khoshiar Hanem, the mother of Khedive Ismail commissioned this mosque

Khoshiar Hanem, the mother of Khedive Ismail commissioned this mosque

Khushayar Hanim died in 1885 and work on this mosque stopped few years later and it wasn't resumed until 1905

Khushayar Hanim died in 1885 and work on this mosque stopped few years later and it wasn't resumed until 1905

One reason to build this mosque was to bury the royal family members here

One reason to build this mosque was to bury the royal family members here

Mausoleum of Farouk I of Egypt is inside the mosque - he was the last King of Egypt and the Sudan

Mausoleum of Farouk I of Egypt is inside the mosque - he was the last King of Egypt and the Sudan

Ceiling above the mausoleum of King Farouk I

Ceiling above the mausoleum of King Farouk I

Mrable used on the walls of the mosque - King Farouk I died on 18 March 1965 thus making him the last ruler of the Muhammad Ali Dynasty

Mrable used on the walls of the mosque - King Farouk I died on 18 March 1965 thus making him the last ruler of the Muhammad Ali Dynasty

Side view of the grave of Farouk I

Side view of the grave of Farouk I

The Rifai Mosque was built in the Bahri Mamluk style and some of the material used in this mosque was imported from Europe

The Rifai Mosque was built in the Bahri Mamluk style and some of the material used in this mosque was imported from Europe

Khedive Abbas Hilmi II completed the construction of this mosque and the first Friday prayer was held here in 1912

Khedive Abbas Hilmi II completed the construction of this mosque and the first Friday prayer was held here in 1912

Marble used on the wall of the mosque - it is said that nineteen different kinds of marble from seven different countries were used

Marble used on the wall of the mosque - it is said that nineteen different kinds of marble from seven different countries were used

Decorative details of the wall next to the royal tombs

Decorative details of the wall next to the royal tombs

Reza Shah Pahlavi of Iran was buried in this mosque also but his body was moved to Iran in 1944

Reza Shah Pahlavi of Iran was buried in this mosque also but his body was moved to Iran in 1944

An Iranian flag beside the grave of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi (son of Reza Shah)

An Iranian flag beside the grave of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi (son of Reza Shah)

Grave of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi - he died on 27 July 1980 in Cairo

Grave of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi - he died on 27 July 1980 in Cairo

Beautiful marble used on the floor of the al-Rifai Mosque

Beautiful marble used on the floor of the al-Rifai Mosque

A mehrab beside the room where tombs are located

A mehrab beside the room where tombs are located

Colorful designs and golden verses of Kuran decorate this beautiful mehrab

Colorful designs and golden verses of Kuran decorate this beautiful mehrab

It is said that designs and patterns were copied from all other mosques in Cairo and used here

It is said that designs and patterns were copied from all other mosques in Cairo and used here

A decorative base of the two pillars

A decorative base of the two pillars

This mosque is rectangular in shape, measuring some 6500 square meters in size. 1767 square meters of this area is reserved for praying

This mosque is rectangular in shape, measuring some 6500 square meters in size. 1767 square meters of this area is reserved for praying

Interior of the dome of the al-Rifai Mosque

Interior of the dome of the al-Rifai Mosque

Interior of the second dome which is smaller in size as compared to the one mentioned before

Interior of the second dome which is smaller in size as compared to the one mentioned before

The Dikka of al-Rifai Mosque - Dikka is a raised platform from which the respondents repeat the phase of prayer so it can be followed by everyone in the prayer hall

The Dikka of al-Rifai Mosque - Dikka is a raised platform from which the respondents repeat the phase of prayer so it can be followed by everyone in the prayer hall

Main mehrab of the mosque with the mibar beside it

Main mehrab of the mosque with the mibar beside it

Decorative details of the mehrab - there are five lines of decorations in the mehrab

Decorative details of the mehrab - there are five lines of decorations in the mehrab

Top end of the minbar (pulpit) - it is decorated with mother of pearl

Top end of the minbar (pulpit) - it is decorated with mother of pearl

Copies of the Koran sitting inside a shelf, next to a base of columns

Copies of the Koran sitting inside a shelf, next to a base of columns

Kursi which is sued for the Koran recitation is made of wood

Kursi which is sued for the Koran recitation is made of wood

Walls of the mosque are adorned with colorful motifs and alabaster

Walls of the mosque are adorned with colorful motifs and alabaster

Ceiling of the al-Rifai Mosque

Ceiling of the al-Rifai Mosque

One of the outer walls of the mosque

One of the outer walls of the mosque

Door of the main entrance on the western side which is closed most of the times because side entrance is used to access the mosque

Door of the main entrance on the western side which is closed most of the times because side entrance is used to access the mosque

Details above the western door of the mosque

Details above the western door of the mosque

Facade of the al-Rifai Mosque - seen from the western side

Facade of the al-Rifai Mosque - seen from the western side