The Rua Augusta Arch seen from the street with the same name

The Rua Augusta Arch seen from the street with the same name

Triumphal arch like building was constructed on the northern edge of Praça do Comercio

Triumphal arch like building was constructed on the northern edge of Praça do Comercio

It was built to commemorate the city's reconstruction after the 1755 Lisbon Earthquake

It was built to commemorate the city's reconstruction after the 1755 Lisbon Earthquake

Rua Augusta Arch seen from the Praca do Comercio - it was inaugurated in 1873, designed by Portuguese architect Santos de Carvalho, standing nearly 45m

Rua Augusta Arch seen from the Praca do Comercio - it was inaugurated in 1873, designed by Portuguese architect Santos de Carvalho, standing nearly 45m

A tram track runs parallel to the northern side of Praca do Comercio - this square sits on the edge of the River Tagus

A tram track runs parallel to the northern side of Praca do Comercio - this square sits on the edge of the River Tagus

This Commercial Square was the place (in the past) where main commerce took place between Portugal and other parts of Europe and its colonies in Africa, Asia and the Americas

This Commercial Square was the place (in the past) where main commerce took place between Portugal and other parts of Europe and its colonies in Africa, Asia and the Americas

Ribeira Palace had existed here before its destruction in the 1755 Lisbon earthquake - the Ribeira Palace lasted for almost 250 years

Ribeira Palace had existed here before its destruction in the 1755 Lisbon earthquake - the Ribeira Palace lasted for almost 250 years

A statue of Joseph I of Portugal (Jose I, b. 6 June 1714 – d. 24 February 1777) sits in the middle of the square

A statue of Joseph I of Portugal (Jose I, b. 6 June 1714 – d. 24 February 1777) sits in the middle of the square

The statue of Jose I was inaugurated in 1775, this bronze statue was designed by Joaquim Machado de Castro

The statue of Jose I was inaugurated in 1775, this bronze statue was designed by Joaquim Machado de Castro

King Jose I was the Portuguese ruler during the reconstruction of Lisbon and the statue was inaugurated on his birthday on the 6th June 177

King Jose I was the Portuguese ruler during the reconstruction of Lisbon and the statue was inaugurated on his birthday on the 6th June 177

Built on the edge of the Tagus River, this square offers a warm welcome to visitors

Built on the edge of the Tagus River, this square offers a warm welcome to visitors

Sao Jorge Castle of Lisbon seen from the Praça do Comercio

Sao Jorge Castle of Lisbon seen from the Praça do Comercio

Traditional painted buildings line the three sides of the square and one side (to the south) opens to the River Tagus

Traditional painted buildings line the three sides of the square and one side (to the south) opens to the River Tagus

Two large towers are situated on the each corner of the square

Two large towers are situated on the each corner of the square

Ponte 25 de Abril and National Sanctuary of Christ the King seen from the Praca do Comercio

Ponte 25 de Abril and National Sanctuary of Christ the King seen from the Praca do Comercio

A sandy beach on the northern banks of the River Tagus

A sandy beach on the northern banks of the River Tagus

The beachfront seems to be very popular not only with the tourists but also with the bird

The beachfront seems to be very popular not only with the tourists but also with the bird

It was a cloudy day and then sun broke out from the clouds and it looked like golden sand

It was a cloudy day and then sun broke out from the clouds and it looked like golden sand

Cais das Colunas is a spot where Praca do Comercio meets the River Tagus

Cais das Colunas is a spot where Praca do Comercio meets the River Tagus

It is a perfect spot to enjoy the beauty of Lisbon - a staircase leads to the waterfront from Cais das Colunas

It is a perfect spot to enjoy the beauty of Lisbon - a staircase leads to the waterfront from Cais das Colunas

Area next to the Cais das Colunas, it marked a symbol of the port of entry to Lisbon

Area next to the Cais das Colunas, it marked a symbol of the port of entry to Lisbon

This is the place where people, birds, water and history meet together

This is the place where people, birds, water and history meet together

Looking back at the Praca do Comercio from Cais das Colunas

Looking back at the Praca do Comercio from Cais das Colunas

A small car passes in front of the Praca do Comercio

A small car passes in front of the Praca do Comercio

A lady waiting for the passengers at the Praca do Comercio - this photo was taken on the following day

A lady waiting for the passengers at the Praca do Comercio - this photo was taken on the following day

A view of the Casa dos Bicos among other buildings

A view of the Casa dos Bicos among other buildings

Exterior of Casa dos Bicos, this historical house was built in 1523 at the behest of King Brás de Albuquerque, Afonso de Albuquerque son, Governor of India

Exterior of Casa dos Bicos, this historical house was built in 1523 at the behest of King Brás de Albuquerque, Afonso de Albuquerque son, Governor of India

D. Bras de Albuquerque will have had contemplating similar constructions Italy in particular the Palazzo dei Diamanti Ferrara

D. Bras de Albuquerque will have had contemplating similar constructions Italy in particular the Palazzo dei Diamanti Ferrara

This is one of the very few buildings that survived the 1755 earthquake

This is one of the very few buildings that survived the 1755 earthquake

This

This "House of Spikes" is an architectural curiosity, faced with diamond-shaped stones (a total of 1125)

In 1827, Francisco Menezes e Albuquerque, owing to debts, allowed the house to be sold at public auction

In 1827, Francisco Menezes e Albuquerque, owing to debts, allowed the house to be sold at public auction

Entrance of the Casa dos Bicos - Its interior is occupied by the Saramago Foundation, a space dedicated to the Nobel Prize-winning Portuguese writer

Entrance of the Casa dos Bicos - Its interior is occupied by the Saramago Foundation, a space dedicated to the Nobel Prize-winning Portuguese writer

A model of the Casa dos Bicos on display inside the building

A model of the Casa dos Bicos on display inside the building

Old Muslim walls of Lisbon existed here but they were raised to make way for this house

Old Muslim walls of Lisbon existed here but they were raised to make way for this house

 Recent excavations had revealed remains belonging to the defensive structure

Recent excavations had revealed remains belonging to the defensive structure

Inside Casa dos Bicos, there are remains of a pavement belonging to the Muslim period in Lisbon

Inside Casa dos Bicos, there are remains of a pavement belonging to the Muslim period in Lisbon

There are also four fish salting tanks discovered inside the building and they belong to the Roman era

There are also four fish salting tanks discovered inside the building and they belong to the Roman era

Some of the fragments discovered are on display

Some of the fragments discovered are on display

A section of the Roman wall has also found inside the Casa dos Bicos

A section of the Roman wall has also found inside the Casa dos Bicos

The Casa dos Bicos is now the head office of the José Saramago Foundation and it shows exhibition about the life and public works of the author

The Casa dos Bicos is now the head office of the José Saramago Foundation and it shows exhibition about the life and public works of the author

A partial remains of a Roman tower have also been found inside the building

A partial remains of a Roman tower have also been found inside the building

If this building wasn't famous enough for its architecture, the discoveries inside the house has made it even more valuable

If this building wasn't famous enough for its architecture, the discoveries inside the house has made it even more valuable

A tower from the Muslim period (part of the city defensive system) is also found in here

A tower from the Muslim period (part of the city defensive system) is also found in here

A closer look at one of the old walls

A closer look at one of the old walls

Remains of the medieval tower inside the Casa dos Bicos

Remains of the medieval tower inside the Casa dos Bicos

These stairs bring visitors to the upper level of the house where work of José Saramago is shown

These stairs bring visitors to the upper level of the house where work of José Saramago is shown