The Municipal Museum of Archeology is Silves is located at Rua das Portas de Loulé

The Municipal Museum of Archeology is Silves is located at Rua das Portas de Loulé

Entrance of the museum seen from the street - this museum offers an insight into the history of Silves and its surrounding areas

Entrance of the museum seen from the street - this museum offers an insight into the history of Silves and its surrounding areas

It was built on the site of a 19th century residence where the water reservoir from the Muslim period was discovered

It was built on the site of a 19th century residence where the water reservoir from the Muslim period was discovered

This models shows the cistern at the top and a tower in the city's defensive wall at the bottom

This models shows the cistern at the top and a tower in the city's defensive wall at the bottom

An old photograph shows archaeological work being carried out at Rua da Porta de Loulé

An old photograph shows archaeological work being carried out at Rua da Porta de Loulé

Items numbered 8, 9 and 10 are from the Umayyad period in Portugal and these objects date back to 8th-9th century

Items numbered 8, 9 and 10 are from the Umayyad period in Portugal and these objects date back to 8th-9th century

Ceramic items on display are also from the Umayyad period in Gharb al-Andalus (old name of Portugal)

Ceramic items on display are also from the Umayyad period in Gharb al-Andalus (old name of Portugal)

Few well preserved items from the Islamic period

Few well preserved items from the Islamic period

A metal coin belongs to the Abd al-Rehamn I era in Portugal (8th-9th century)

A metal coin belongs to the Abd al-Rehamn I era in Portugal (8th-9th century)

These items were discovered at the Rua da Porta de Loulé and they are remarkabley in good condition (8th century)

These items were discovered at the Rua da Porta de Loulé and they are remarkabley in good condition (8th century)

A broken fragment on display from the 8th centurt Muslim period

A broken fragment on display from the 8th centurt Muslim period

A cermaic from the Umayyad period period in Portugal

A cermaic from the Umayyad period period in Portugal

It is not a great surprise to see that Silves hold agreat importance in the past, during the Muslim period

It is not a great surprise to see that Silves hold agreat importance in the past, during the Muslim period

Due to its strategic hilltop location, it became a prominent town

Due to its strategic hilltop location, it became a prominent town

With the increased importance, the town flourished in trade and agriculture

With the increased importance, the town flourished in trade and agriculture

According to the 12th century Arab geographer Idrisi, it had a population of 30, 000

According to the 12th century Arab geographer Idrisi, it had a population of 30, 000

A typical capital of a column from the Muslim period

A typical capital of a column from the Muslim period

A black and white photo shows the work being carried out at the Castle of Silves

A black and white photo shows the work being carried out at the Castle of Silves

These items are from the 10th century when Abd al-Rehamn III declared himself a caliph

These items are from the 10th century when Abd al-Rehamn III declared himself a caliph

A 10th century ceramic teapot on display - 10th century was the height of the Muslim splendour in the Iberian Peninsula

A 10th century ceramic teapot on display - 10th century was the height of the Muslim splendour in the Iberian Peninsula

In the 11th century, the central power of Cordoba collapsed and region was divided up in many taifas

In the 11th century, the central power of Cordoba collapsed and region was divided up in many taifas

Both teapot and pan are from the 11th century Taifa period

Both teapot and pan are from the 11th century Taifa period

The taifas were an independent principalities ruled by the Muslims

The taifas were an independent principalities ruled by the Muslims

The First Taifa period was in the 11th century and it covered Southern and Central Portugal

The First Taifa period was in the 11th century and it covered Southern and Central Portugal

The Second Taifa period in Portugal was strong around Silves, Tavira and Mertola

The Second Taifa period in Portugal was strong around Silves, Tavira and Mertola

A vessel used to carry water in the past, made with ceramic and it kept the water cold in the hot summer weather

A vessel used to carry water in the past, made with ceramic and it kept the water cold in the hot summer weather

Ceramic pots from the Almoravid period (1040–1147)

Ceramic pots from the Almoravid period (1040–1147)

A knife from the Almoravid Period - the Almoravids were berbers from Morocco, who seized power in Portugal and Spain

A knife from the Almoravid Period - the Almoravids were berbers from Morocco, who seized power in Portugal and Spain

This North African dynasty lasted for almost a century in the Iberian peninsula but then its decline gave way to new powers

This North African dynasty lasted for almost a century in the Iberian peninsula but then its decline gave way to new powers

Items made from the bones are from the 12th-13th century Ammohad period

Items made from the bones are from the 12th-13th century Ammohad period

Items made from glass and bones are from the 13th century

Items made from glass and bones are from the 13th century

The Almohads ruled Portugal and Spain between 1121–1269

The Almohads ruled Portugal and Spain between 1121–1269

The Almohads were also North African Berbers from Morocco - the started their influence in Morocco first then crossed into the Iberian Peninsula

The Almohads were also North African Berbers from Morocco - the started their influence in Morocco first then crossed into the Iberian Peninsula

After the defeat at the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in 1212, the Almohads couldn't resist the advancing Christian forces

After the defeat at the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in 1212, the Almohads couldn't resist the advancing Christian forces

One city after another started to fall in the Christian hands and Muslim power in Iberia declined forever

One city after another started to fall in the Christian hands and Muslim power in Iberia declined forever

13th Century Alcatruz made from ceramic

13th Century Alcatruz made from ceramic

A piece of a carved ceramic on display from the 14th century

A piece of a carved ceramic on display from the 14th century

A 13th century piece of a limestone carved in Arabic language

A 13th century piece of a limestone carved in Arabic language

A fragment of a carved ceramic from the Almohad period

A fragment of a carved ceramic from the Almohad period

A red sandstone from the 13th century

A red sandstone from the 13th century

After the Muslim army's defeat in 1212, the alliance of Castile, Aragon, Navarre, and Portugal took more cities and even Seville in 1248

After the Muslim army's defeat in 1212, the alliance of Castile, Aragon, Navarre, and Portugal took more cities and even Seville in 1248

In the middle of the museum, a water reservoir can be seen  - it dates back to the Almohad period

In the middle of the museum, a water reservoir can be seen - it dates back to the Almohad period

This well is made out of Silves sandstone it is around 20 metres in depth

This well is made out of Silves sandstone it is around 20 metres in depth

Stairs lead to the bottom of the well but access wasn't allowed

Stairs lead to the bottom of the well but access wasn't allowed

Inside the water well, there are three windows which provided access to water in the past

Inside the water well, there are three windows which provided access to water in the past

Looking at the bottom of the well, there is still some water visible

Looking at the bottom of the well, there is still some water visible

Small stones used in catapults, shown at the top - at the bottom, arrowhead of crossbow bolts is dispalyed

Small stones used in catapults, shown at the top - at the bottom, arrowhead of crossbow bolts is dispalyed

This photo shows that a projectile was lodged into the spine of this Muslim defender in Silves

This photo shows that a projectile was lodged into the spine of this Muslim defender in Silves

This is the skeleton of a defender, who died after getting hit by an arrow

This is the skeleton of a defender, who died after getting hit by an arrow

A closer look at the remains of the defender

A closer look at the remains of the defender

Ceramic and stone pieces were used to play various games in the past

Ceramic and stone pieces were used to play various games in the past

The Museum of Silves displays the archaeological finds from the city and the region, and especially from the castle and the Cerro da Rocha Branca archaeological site

The Museum of Silves displays the archaeological finds from the city and the region, and especially from the castle and the Cerro da Rocha Branca archaeological site

Some of the items on display are from pre-history, the Roman period, the Moorish period and the Portuguese period (through to the 17th century)

Some of the items on display are from pre-history, the Roman period, the Moorish period and the Portuguese period (through to the 17th century)

These objects discovered in Silves are from the 16th-17th century

These objects discovered in Silves are from the 16th-17th century

Coin to the left belongs to Ferdinand III of Castile era, while the coin to the right is from the Afonso I of Aragon period

Coin to the left belongs to Ferdinand III of Castile era, while the coin to the right is from the Afonso I of Aragon period

Coins from the Sancho I of Portugal period

Coins from the Sancho I of Portugal period

This marble piece is from 1227 and it was found at the eastern side of the Silves Medina

This marble piece is from 1227 and it was found at the eastern side of the Silves Medina

It refers the constructoin of the tower to Emir, son of Abu Yousef, son of Khalifa, Abu Muhammad abd al-Mumin

It refers the constructoin of the tower to Emir, son of Abu Yousef, son of Khalifa, Abu Muhammad abd al-Mumin

It was constructed during the month of Ramadan of the year 624 (Hijri, the Muslim calendar)

It was constructed during the month of Ramadan of the year 624 (Hijri, the Muslim calendar)

The medieval well of Silves seen from the upper floor of the museum

The medieval well of Silves seen from the upper floor of the museum

Photos at the top and items at the bottom show how the archaeological work was carried out

Photos at the top and items at the bottom show how the archaeological work was carried out

This museum has one of the best displays in the whole Algarve region

This museum has one of the best displays in the whole Algarve region

A door at the upper level of the museum provides access to the roof, where one can see the city's old wall

A door at the upper level of the museum provides access to the roof, where one can see the city's old wall

A closer look at the defensive tower, built in the city walls of Silves

A closer look at the defensive tower, built in the city walls of Silves

Apart from historical value, this museum also offers great views of the Silves city

Apart from historical value, this museum also offers great views of the Silves city

Silves, a beauty of its own kind, a silent poem, written by its past inhabitants

Silves, a beauty of its own kind, a silent poem, written by its past inhabitants