The Grand Bazaar of Istanbul - It is one of the largest and oldest covered markets in the world

The Grand Bazaar of Istanbul - It is one of the largest and oldest covered markets in the world

This bazaar attracts between 250,000 and 400,000 visitors daily

This bazaar attracts between 250,000 and 400,000 visitors daily

A shop selling traditional lamps and lanterns - this bazaar has been operating since 1461

A shop selling traditional lamps and lanterns - this bazaar has been operating since 1461

Huge choice of local ceramics on sale in this shop - this bazaar has 61 covered streets and over 3,000 shops

Huge choice of local ceramics on sale in this shop - this bazaar has 61 covered streets and over 3,000 shops

The bazaar was vastly enlarged in the 16th century, during the reign of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent

The bazaar was vastly enlarged in the 16th century, during the reign of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent

Spices on display in a shop - the complex houses two mosques, four fountains, two hamams, and several cafés and restaurants

Spices on display in a shop - the complex houses two mosques, four fountains, two hamams, and several cafés and restaurants

Beautiful naves of the Grand Bazaar of Istanbul

Beautiful naves of the Grand Bazaar of Istanbul

The Grand Bazaar has four main gates situated at the ends of its two major streets which intersect near the southwestern corner of the bazaar

The Grand Bazaar has four main gates situated at the ends of its two major streets which intersect near the southwestern corner of the bazaar

A shop selling decorative material - in the past merchants sat on wooden divans in front of their shelves

A shop selling decorative material - in the past merchants sat on wooden divans in front of their shelves

Main gate of the Bulgarian St Stephen Church

Main gate of the Bulgarian St Stephen Church

This church was closed for renovation

This church was closed for renovation

This church has 40 m-high belfry. In the beginning it was a wooden church

This church has 40 m-high belfry. In the beginning it was a wooden church

A closed gate of the church with guard dogs inside

A closed gate of the church with guard dogs inside

Walking uphill in Fener neighbourhood of Istanbul

Walking uphill in Fener neighbourhood of Istanbul

Old houses in Fener - not far from here was the Phanar Greek Orthodox College

Old houses in Fener - not far from here was the Phanar Greek Orthodox College

Phanar Greek Orthodox College is the oldest surviving and most prestigious Greek Orthodox school in Istanbul

Phanar Greek Orthodox College is the oldest surviving and most prestigious Greek Orthodox school in Istanbul

Looking downwards in Fener neighbourhood of Fatih - the Golden Horn can be seen in the distance

Looking downwards in Fener neighbourhood of Fatih - the Golden Horn can be seen in the distance

Entry door to a graveyard in the Eyub neighbourhood of Istanbul

Entry door to a graveyard in the Eyub neighbourhood of Istanbul

I was looking for one of the Ottoman Sultan's tomb who is buried here but entry to this complex was closed

I was looking for one of the Ottoman Sultan's tomb who is buried here but entry to this complex was closed

Headstones of the graves in a graveyard next to the Eyub Sultan Mosque

Headstones of the graves in a graveyard next to the Eyub Sultan Mosque

A traditional turkish architecture of a tomb

A traditional turkish architecture of a tomb

A tourist bus passes under the Haliç Bridge. It connects the neighborhoods of Ayvansaray in the southwest and Halicioglu in the northwast

A tourist bus passes under the Haliç Bridge. It connects the neighborhoods of Ayvansaray in the southwest and Halicioglu in the northwast

A closed door of Sublime Porte (Bab-e Ali in Turkish) - a powerhouse of the Ottoman Empire

A closed door of Sublime Porte (Bab-e Ali in Turkish) - a powerhouse of the Ottoman Empire

A tea seller in the Sultanahmet Park

A tea seller in the Sultanahmet Park

Dolmabahce Clock Tower - it is situated next to the Dolmabahce Palace in Istanbul

Dolmabahce Clock Tower - it is situated next to the Dolmabahce Palace in Istanbul

This beautiful tower was built between 1890 and 1895

This beautiful tower was built between 1890 and 1895

One of the gates of the Dolmabahce Palace on Dolmabahce CD

One of the gates of the Dolmabahce Palace on Dolmabahce CD

A structure attached to the Dolmabahce Palace

A structure attached to the Dolmabahce Palace

An ornamented door of the palace - this palace was the main administrative center of the Ottoman Empire from 1856 to 1922

An ornamented door of the palace - this palace was the main administrative center of the Ottoman Empire from 1856 to 1922

A building on Dolmabahce CD

A building on Dolmabahce CD

Here Galata Tower is seen at the end of the street in the neighbourhood with same name

Here Galata Tower is seen at the end of the street in the neighbourhood with same name

Upper part of the Galata Tower - this tower was built by the Genoese in 1348

Upper part of the Galata Tower - this tower was built by the Genoese in 1348

This nine-story tower is 66.90 meters tall and it offers some splendid views of Istanbul and the Golden Horn

This nine-story tower is 66.90 meters tall and it offers some splendid views of Istanbul and the Golden Horn

A cafe/restaurant on the top floor of the tower

A cafe/restaurant on the top floor of the tower

Details of the stone work - this unique tower dominates the skyline of Istanbul

Details of the stone work - this unique tower dominates the skyline of Istanbul

The Golden Horn seen from a window of the Galata Tower

The Golden Horn seen from a window of the Galata Tower

A plaque on the Galata Tower - the Ottomans added the top floor to this tower and it was used as a watch tower to spot the fire

A plaque on the Galata Tower - the Ottomans added the top floor to this tower and it was used as a watch tower to spot the fire

This tower had been destroyed by the Fourth Crusades and earthquakes in the past but it had stood firm against all the hostility

This tower had been destroyed by the Fourth Crusades and earthquakes in the past but it had stood firm against all the hostility

The viewing platform of the tower which offers 360-degree views of the city

The viewing platform of the tower which offers 360-degree views of the city