Exetrior of the Jeronimos Monastery, seen from the Jardim da Praca do Imperio ( the Empire Square Garden)

Exetrior of the Jeronimos Monastery, seen from the Jardim da Praca do Imperio ( the Empire Square Garden)

Entrance of the Jeronimos Monastery can be seen in the middle, this monastery is situated in the Belem district of western Lisbon

Entrance of the Jeronimos Monastery can be seen in the middle, this monastery is situated in the Belem district of western Lisbon

This  Late Gothic Manueline style of architecture is considered one of the best decorated churches of Portugal

This Late Gothic Manueline style of architecture is considered one of the best decorated churches of Portugal

The side entrance to the monastery was designed by Juan de Castilho and it is 32m high

The side entrance to the monastery was designed by Juan de Castilho and it is 32m high

The western portal has carvings of the saints, complex shaped pinnacles and other decorative features

The western portal has carvings of the saints, complex shaped pinnacles and other decorative features

Looking back at the entrance of the Jeronimos Monastery from the stairs inside

Looking back at the entrance of the Jeronimos Monastery from the stairs inside

At the rear of the church lies  the vast square cloister, started by Boitac

At the rear of the church lies the vast square cloister, started by Boitac

It is a two level cloister which was one of its kind at the time of its construction

It is a two level cloister which was one of its kind at the time of its construction

Juan de Castilho was responsible for the final stages of the construction

Juan de Castilho was responsible for the final stages of the construction

A couple showing affection in one of the corridors of the monastery at the lower level

A couple showing affection in one of the corridors of the monastery at the lower level

Each wing consists of six bays with tracery vaults, the corner bays are linked by a diagonal arched construction

Each wing consists of six bays with tracery vaults, the corner bays are linked by a diagonal arched construction

The refectory was built by master builder Leonardo Vaz between 1517-1518

The refectory was built by master builder Leonardo Vaz between 1517-1518

The vaulted ceiling of this room is a typical example of Manueline style

The vaulted ceiling of this room is a typical example of Manueline style

On of the walls (opposie the windows), there used to be a small wooden pulpit which was used to read the Holy Scripture and the Lives of the Saints

On of the walls (opposie the windows), there used to be a small wooden pulpit which was used to read the Holy Scripture and the Lives of the Saints

Under the thick stone ropes, the walls are panelled in tiles

Under the thick stone ropes, the walls are panelled in tiles

This is the tomb of Fernando Pessoa (1888-1935), he is one of the most important Portuguese poets of the 20th century

This is the tomb of Fernando Pessoa (1888-1935), he is one of the most important Portuguese poets of the 20th century

In 1496, King Manuel I ordered a monastery to be built here

In 1496, King Manuel I ordered a monastery to be built here

The construction of the monastery and church began on 6 January 1501 and it took 100 years to complete this building

The construction of the monastery and church began on 6 January 1501 and it took 100 years to complete this building

After the initial construction of the monastery King Manuel I selected the Hieronymites order of monks to reside in the building

After the initial construction of the monastery King Manuel I selected the Hieronymites order of monks to reside in the building

The Hieronymites order were dedicated to Saint Jerome, hence name of the monastery, and he was a 5th-century scholar who translated the original bible into Latin

The Hieronymites order were dedicated to Saint Jerome, hence name of the monastery, and he was a 5th-century scholar who translated the original bible into Latin

A 5 percent tax on commerce from Africa and the Orient was applied to gather money for the construction of this project

A 5 percent tax on commerce from Africa and the Orient was applied to gather money for the construction of this project

The only products which were tax free at that time (tax would go to the Crown) were pepper, cinnamon and cloves

The only products which were tax free at that time (tax would go to the Crown) were pepper, cinnamon and cloves

Interior of the main chapel, seen from the upper story of the cloister

Interior of the main chapel, seen from the upper story of the cloister

From the upper level of the cloister, it offers a great view of the stained glass windows and the slender columns of the church

From the upper level of the cloister, it offers a great view of the stained glass windows and the slender columns of the church

Ceiling of the main church - The original Ermida do Restelo hermitage was found by Henry the Navigator in 1450

Ceiling of the main church - The original Ermida do Restelo hermitage was found by Henry the Navigator in 1450

This church was popular among the sailors because ships were safe here at the mouth of River Tagus and this was the last place to say their prayers

This church was popular among the sailors because ships were safe here at the mouth of River Tagus and this was the last place to say their prayers

Now, this moanstery is very popular among the tourists and it can visited for free on Sunday mornings

Now, this moanstery is very popular among the tourists and it can visited for free on Sunday mornings

Due to its unique architecture and the size (not to mention the history) this monastery is one of the must visit places in Lisbon

Due to its unique architecture and the size (not to mention the history) this monastery is one of the must visit places in Lisbon

In 1983 Mosteiro dos Jeronimos and Tower of Belem became a UNESCO World Heritage Site

In 1983 Mosteiro dos Jeronimos and Tower of Belem became a UNESCO World Heritage Site

The Order of Hieronymite occupied this monastery till 1833

The Order of Hieronymite occupied this monastery till 1833

Then this religious orders were dissolved and the monastery was abandoned

Then this religious orders were dissolved and the monastery was abandoned

Few cyclists at the entrace of the monastery

Few cyclists at the entrace of the monastery

The church of the monastery can be visited for free from a separate door

The church of the monastery can be visited for free from a separate door

Small columns of this church were able to withstand the power of the 1755 Lisbon Earthquake

Small columns of this church were able to withstand the power of the 1755 Lisbon Earthquake

A girl with a dress of her choice paying a visit to the main church

A girl with a dress of her choice paying a visit to the main church

Royal tombs are built in the main church and under each of the coffin, there are two elephants

Royal tombs are built in the main church and under each of the coffin, there are two elephants

The tombs on the left side of the choir belong to king Manuel I and his wife Maria of Aragon,  tombs on the right side belong to King João III and his wife Queen Catherine of Austria

The tombs on the left side of the choir belong to king Manuel I and his wife Maria of Aragon, tombs on the right side belong to King João III and his wife Queen Catherine of Austria

Tall and slender columns of the church are adorned to match the ceiling

Tall and slender columns of the church are adorned to match the ceiling

This is the ceiling of an area which is located near the lower choir

This is the ceiling of an area which is located near the lower choir

Details of the base of one of the columns in the lower choir area

Details of the base of one of the columns in the lower choir area

The stone tombs of Vasco da Gama is located in this section of the church - it is believed that he prayed here (in old chuch) befor his departure to the East

The stone tombs of Vasco da Gama is located in this section of the church - it is believed that he prayed here (in old chuch) befor his departure to the East

Vasco da Gama was the first European who reached India by sea

Vasco da Gama was the first European who reached India by sea

His first voyage lasted between 1497-1499 and it opened European trade routes with the Far East and India

His first voyage lasted between 1497-1499 and it opened European trade routes with the Far East and India

Vasco da Gama's body was first buried at St. Francis Church in Kochi (India) later his remains were returned to Portugal in 1539

Vasco da Gama's body was first buried at St. Francis Church in Kochi (India) later his remains were returned to Portugal in 1539

The tomb of Luís de Camoes sits next to the Vaso da Gama's

The tomb of Luís de Camoes sits next to the Vaso da Gama's

Luis was born around 1524 and died in 1580, his work is often compared with  Shakespeare, Vondel, Homer, Virgil and Dante

Luis was born around 1524 and died in 1580, his work is often compared with Shakespeare, Vondel, Homer, Virgil and Dante

He travelled to India to meet his father in 1553 and Luis lived a life full of adventures in India

He travelled to India to meet his father in 1553 and Luis lived a life full of adventures in India

He came back to Lisbon in 1570 and died ten years later

He came back to Lisbon in 1570 and died ten years later

This is balcony of the monastery which can be accessed from the second floor of the cloister to see the church

This is balcony of the monastery which can be accessed from the second floor of the cloister to see the church

Stained glass window, next to the tombs of Vasco da Gama and Luis de Camoes

Stained glass window, next to the tombs of Vasco da Gama and Luis de Camoes