6th century

571
22th April, 9 Rabi Al-Awal 571. (TI)

577
Death of Holy Prophet's mother (Aminah Bint Wahb).

580
Death of Abdul Muttalib, the grandfather of the Holy Prophet.

583
The Holy Prophet's journey to Syria in the company of his uncle Abu Talib. His meeting with the monk Bahira, who foretells of his prophet hood.

595
The Holy Prophet marries Hazrat Khadija.

7th century

605
The Holy Prophet arbitrates in a dispute among the Quraish about the placing of the Black Stone in the Kaaba.

610
The first revelation in the cave at Mt. Hira. The Holy Prophet is chosen as the Messenger of God.

613
Declaration at Mt. Sara inviting the general public to Islam.

614
Invitation to the Hashimites to accept Islam.

615
Persecution of the Muslims by the Quraish. Some Muslims migrate to Abyssinia (Ethiopia).

617
Social boycott of the Hashimites and the Holy Prophet by the Quraish. The Hashimites are forced to live in a glen outside Mecca.

619
Deaths of Abu Talib and Hazrat Khadija.

620
Journey to Taif and angry reaction of the locals.
Journey to the Heavens.

622
The Holy Prophet and the Muslims migrate to Yathrib (Medina).
Start of Hijri Calendar.
Masjid e Nabwi constructed in Medina.

624
15th March, 17th Ramadan, 2 Hijri, The Battle of Badr and Muslim army wins the battle against all the odds.
Direction of the Kiblaa is changed from Jerusalem to the Kaaba (Mecca).

625
2nd April, 15 Shawaal 3Hijri, Battle of Uhud.

627
March - April, Battle of the Trench (Guzwa Khundaq) in Medina.

628
The Treaty of Hudaibiya was signed.

629
The Holy Prophet performs the pilgrimage at Mecca.
The first Indian mosque, Cheraman Juma Masjid (Kerala - India), is built in 629 A.D by Malik Bin Deenar.
The battle of the Khyber.

630
11th January, 20th Ramadan, 8 Hijri, Conquest of Mecca.
27th January, 6th Shawal, 8 Hijri, Battle of Hunain.

632
7th March. 9th Du -Al-Hajj, 10 Hijri, Farewell pilgrimage at Mecca.
8th June, Death of the Holy Prophet.
Election of Hazrat Abu Bakr as the Caliph.
December, Battle of Yamama against Musailima.

633
Moharam, 12 Hijri. Battle of Kazma, Khalid bin Waleed defeated army of Hormuz.
17th April, 1st Safar, 12 Hijri, Battle of Mazar, Khaled bin Waleed defeats Iranian army.
14th September, 4th Rajab, 12 Hijri, Fall of Anbar.
4th October, 24th Rajab, 12 Hijri, Battle of Domat Al-Jandal.

634
29th July, 27th Jamadi Al-Awal, 13 Hijri, battle of Ajnadeen Khalid Bin Waleed defeated Roman army.
23rd August, 21 Jamadi Al-Akher 13Hijri, death of first caliph Abu Bakar Sadeek.
7th October, 8th Shabaan, 13Hijri, Battle of Namaraq.
11th October, 12th Shabaan, 13 Hijri, Battle of Sakatia.
22nd October, 23 Shaban, 13 Hijri, Battle of Jussar, Muslim army was defeated by Iranian army and Muslim commander Abu Abaeda Sukfi
was martyred.

635
23rd January, 28th Zu al Kada, 13Hijri, battle of Beesan. Muslim army defeated the Romans and took control over whole Jordan.
3rd September, 15th Rajab, 14 Hijri, fall of Damascus.

636
6th May, 26th Rabi Al-Awal, 15 Hijri, Abu Abeeda took city of Baalbek in Lebanon.
1st June, 21st Rabi Al-Sani, 15 Hijri, fall of Hamas (Syria).
12th August, 5th Rajab, 15 Hijri, Battle of Yarmouk between Muslims and Byzantines.
20th - 23rd September, 13th - 16th Shaban, 15 Hijri, battle of Qadsiyia between the Muslims and the Sassanid (Iran). This battle last for four days.

637
May, Rabi Al-Akher, 16 Hijri, Muslims army takes Bait Al-Makdas (Jerusalem).
June, fall of Tikrit (Iraq).
24th November, 1st Zu Kada, 16 Hijri, Battle of Jalula between Muslims and Sassanid Empire (Iran).

640
15th January, 16th Moharram, 16Hijri, Battle of Nihawand.

641
30th April, 15th Jamadi Al-Awal, 20 Hijri, Battle of Ain Shamas between Amro Bin al-As and The Romans.
7th December, 29th Zu Al Hajah, 20 Hijri, Muslim army takes Babylon in Egypt.

642
September, Zu Al-Kada, 21 Hijri, Muslim conquered Alexandria in Egypt.

644
First attack on Indian sub-continent, battle with Raja Rasil of Sindh and Baluchistan.
6th November, Martyrdom of Hazrat Umar.
Hazrat Usman becomes the Caliph.

652
Sicily is attacked by the Muslims.

655
Naval battle of the Masts (Battle of Zat Al-Sawari) against the Byzantines and the Muslim army is victorious.

656
17th June, 18th Zu Al-Hajj, 35 Hijri, Martyrdom of Hazrat Usman.
25th June, 25th, Zu Al-Hajj, 35 Hijri, Hazrat Ali becomes the Caliph.
7th November, Battle of the Camel between Hazrat Aisha and Hazrat Ali near Basra (Iraq)

657
21st May, 1st Zu Al-Hajj, 36 Hijri, Battle of Siffin between Hazrat Ali and Mawiyah I.
This battle continued till the star of Moharram then it resumed on 19th July, 1st Safar, 37 Hijri.

658
Battle of Naharwan between Hazrat Ali and Kharjis.

660
Hazrat Ali  recaptures Hijaz and Yemen from Hazrat Mu'awiyah. Hazrat Mu'awiyah declares himself as the Caliph at Damascus.

661
28th January, 21st Ramadan, 40 Hijri, Martyrdom of Hazrat Ali.
Hazrat Mu'awiyah becomes the sole Caliph and moves capital from Mecca to Damascus.

662
Khawarij revolts.
Ziad Ibn Abihi becomes governor of Basra.

669
Muslim army reaches as far as Morocco.

670
Advance in North Africa. Uqba bin Nafi founds the town of Kairouan in Tunisia.
9th March, 50 Hijri, Death of Imam Hassan.
Construction of Great Mosque Kairouan (Tunisia).

680
27th April, 22nd Rajab, 60 Hijri, Death of Hazrat Mu'awiyah and Accession of Yazid.
10th September, 10 Dul-Hajj, 60 Hijri, Imam Hussain departure from Mecca. Death of Muslim bin Aqeel. (IK)
10th October, 10th Moharam, 61 Hijri, Battle of Karbala and martyrdom of Hazrat Hussain.

682
In North Africa Uqba bin Nafi marches to the Atlantic, is ambushed and killed at Biskra. The Muslims evacuate Kairouan and withdraw to Burqa.

683
14th November, Death of Yazid. Accession of Mu'awiyah II.
26th August, 26th Zu Al-Hajj, 63 Hijri, Battle of Al-Harrah and Medina is attacked by Umayyad.
24th September, 26th Moharram, 64th Hijri, Mecca is attacked by Umayyad.

684
Abdullah bin Zubair declares himself as the Caliph at Mecca. Marwan I becomes the Caliph at Damascus.

685
14th April, 3rd Ramadan, 65 Hijri, After the death of Marwan I. Abdul Malik becomes the Caliph at Damascus.

687
Battle of Kufa between the forces of Mukhtar and Abdullah bin Zubair and Mukhtar is killed.

692
October, Hajjaj bin Youssef captures Mecca and death of Abdullah bin Zubair (declared himself as Caliph). Abdul Malik becomes the sole Caliph.
Justinian II is defeated by the Arabs at Sebastopolis (Turkey). Justinian was a Byzantine emperor who had invaded Arab territory for Christianity.

8th Century


705
Shawal, 86 Hijri, Death of Abdul Malik bin Marwan.  Accession of Walid I as Caliph.

706
Construction started on Umayyad Mosque in Damascus.

711
April, Tarif bin Malik crosses the straits and reaches Spain in order to get more information about the country.
19th July, 28th Ramadan, 92 Hijri, Conquests of Spain by Tariq Bin Ziad.
Muhammad bin Qasim conquers parts of Sindh and Punjab (Pakistan).

712
June, Ramadan, 93 Hijri, arrival of Musa Bin Nuseer in Spain.

713
July, Conquest of Merida in Spain.

714
95th Hijri, Death of Hajjaj bin Youssef.

715
25th February, 15th Jamadi Al-Sani, 96 Hijri, Death of Walid I, Accession of Suleiman.
Construction of Umayyad Mosque in Damascus is completed.

717
Safar, 99 Hijri, Death of Suleiman. Accession of Umar bin Abdul Aziz.
15 August, second siege of Constantinople.

718
August, Muslim army abandons siege of Constantinople.

719
Narbonne (France) is conquered by Islamic forces.

720
10th February, Death of Umar bin Abdul Aziz. Accession of Yazid II.
Death of Tariq bin Ziyad.

721
9th June, Battle of Toulouse in France. Muslim advance in France was halted.

724
27th January, Shabaan, 105 Hijri, Death of Yazid II. Accession of Hisham Ibn Abd Al-Malik.

728
Hassan Al-Basri known as Imam Basri dies.

732
10th October, the battle of Tours/Poitiers in France.

737
The Muslimsí meet reverse at Avignon in France.

740
Shia revolt under Zaid bin Ali. Berber revolt in North Africa. Battle of the Nobles.

742
The Muslim rule restored in Kairouan

743
6th February, 6th Rabi Al-Sani, 125 Hijri, Death of Hisham bin Abd Al-Malik. Accession of Walid II.

744
17th April, 28th Jamadi Al -Sani, 126 Hijri, Deposition of Walid I1.Accession of Yazid III.
3rd October, 20th Zu Al-Hajj, 126 Hijri, Death of Yazid III. (IK)

745
Kufa and Mosul are occupied by the Khawarjites.

746
Battle of Rupar Thutha, Kufa and Mosul occupied by Marwan II.

747
Revolt of Abu Muslim in Khurasan.

749
October, Capture of Kufa by the Abbasids. As Saffah becomes the Abbasid Caliph at Kufa.
30th October, 12th Rabi Al-Awal, 132 Hijri, Abdullah Al-Saffah becomes first Abbasid Caliph.

750
25th January, 11 Jamadi Al-Sani, 132 Hijri, Battle of Zeb and Marwan II is defeated  this brings an end to the Umayyads.

751
27th July, 28th Zu Al-Hajj, 133 Hijri, Khalifa Marwan II dies.
Conquest of Wasit by the Abbasid. Murder of the Minister Abu Salama.
The Battle of Talas (Battle of Artlakh) between Islamic Army and Tang Dynasty. Muslim army wins over the Chinese.

754
10th June, 13th Zu Al-Hajj 136 Hijri, Death of As Saffah. Accession of Mansur as the Caliph.

755
Revolt of Abdullah bin Ali.
13th February, 25th Shabaan, 135 Hijri, Murder of Abu Muslim Khorasani.

756
Abdul Rehman Al-Dakhal founds the Umayyad state in Spain.

762
Shia revolt under Muhammad (Nafs uz Zakia) and Ibrahim.

763
141 Hijri, Foundation of Baghdad by Abu Jaffar and it was completed in 149 Hijri.

775
7th October, 6 Zu Al-Hajj, 158 Hijri, Death or the Abbasid Caliph Al-Mansur on his way to Pilgrimage to Mecca, Accession of Mahdi.

779
Death of Khael Bermuki bin Abdullah bin Muslim (brother of Kateeba). First Bermuki to hold a high position during Abbasid period.

784
Construction of Great Mosque of Cordoba (Spain).

785
4th August, 22nd Moharram 169 Hijri, Death of the Caliph Mahdi. Accession of Hadi.

786
13th September, 14th Rabi Al-Awal, 170 Hijri, Death of Hadi. Accession of Harun Ur Rashid.

788
Idrisid state set up in the Maghreb (Morocco).
Death of Abdul Rehman I of Spain, and accession of Hisham.

796
Death of Hisham in Spain at the age of forty, accession of al Hakam.


9th century

800
The Aghlabid rule is established in North Africa.

803
Famous vizier Jafar Barmki is killed.

805
Campaigns against the Byzantines. Capture of the islands of Rhodes and Cypress.
28th November, 3rd Moharram, 190 Hijri, Death of Yahyah Bermuki.

808
Moharram, 193 Hijri, Death of Fazal bin Yayah Bermuki.

809
24th March, 3 Jamadi Al-Sani 193 Hijri, Death of Harun Ur Rashid, accession of Amin.

813
25th September, 25th Moharram, 198 Hijri, Civil war between Amin and Mamun. Amin is captured. (IK)
Mamun becomes the Caliph.

815
Shia revolt under Ibn Tuba Tabs.

818
The Umayyads of Spain capture the islands of Izira, Majorca, and Sardinia.

819
Mamun comes to Baghdad.

820
Tahir establishes the rule of the Tahirids in Khurasan.

822
Death of Al-Hakam I in Spain, accession of Abdul Rahman II.

823
Death of Tahir in Khurasan.

831
11th September, Muslim conquered Palermo (Sicily - Italy).

833
6th July, 13th Jamadi Al-Sani 218 Hijri, Death of Mamun. Accession of Mutasim.

838
Muslims sack city of Marseille (France).

836
Mutasim shifts the capital to Samarra.

838
Revolt of Babek in Azerbaijan suppressed.

839
Revolt of Maziar in Tabaristan. The Muslims occupy South Italy. Capture of the city of Messina in Sicily.

842
2nd January, 15th Rabi Al-Awal 227 Hijri, Death of Mutasim, accession of Wasiq.

846
Muslim attack and sack churches of Saint Peter and Saint Paul in Rome.

847
10th August, 24th Zu Al-Hajj, 232 Hijri, Death of Wasiq, accession of Mutawakkil.

848
Construction starts on Great Mosque of Samara (Iraq).

849
Death of the Tahirid ruler Abdullah bin Tahir, accession of Tahir II.

851
Construction of Great Mosque of Samara (Iraq) is complete.

852
Death of Abdur Rehman II of Spain, accession of Muhammad I.

858
Mutawakkil founds the town of Jafariya.

861
21st December, 14th Shawal, 247 Hijri, Murder of the Abbasid Caliph Mutawakkil, accession of Muntasir.

862
9th May, 5th Rabi Al-Awal, 248 Hijri, Muntasir poisoned to death, accession of Mutasin.

864
Zaidi state established in Tabaristan by Hassan bin Zaid.

866
28th January, 6th Moharram, 252 Hijri, Mutasim flies from Samarra, his deposition and accession of Mutaaz.

867
Yaqub bin Layth founds the Saffarid rule in Sistan.

868
Ahmad bin Tulun founds the Tulunid rule in Egypt.

869
1st August, 18 Shabaan, 255 Hijri, The Abbasid Caliph Mutaaz forced to abdicate, his death and accession of Muhtadi.

870
18th June, 14th Rajab, 256 Hijri, Muhtadi's his death and accession of Mutamid.
Malta is conquered by the Arabs.

874
Zanj revolt in South Iraq. Death of the Samanid ruler Ahmad, accession of Nasr.

877
Death of Yaqub bin Layth in Sistan, accession of Amr bin Layth.

885
Death of Ahmad bin Tulun in Egypt, accession of Khamar- wiyiah.

886
Death of Muhammad I ( Spain), accession of Munzir.

888
Death of Munzir the Umayyad ruler of Spain, accession of Abdullah.

891
The Qarmatian state established at Bahrain.

892
16th October, 20th Rajab, 279 Hijri, Death of Mutamad.

896
Death of the Tulunid ruler Khamarwiyiah; accession of Abul Asakir Jaish.

899
July, Rajab, 286 Hijri, Death of Mutaadi.

10th century

902
5th April, Death of the Abbasid Caliph Mutadid.

903
Assassination of the Qarmatian ruler Abu Said, accession of Abu Tahir.

905
Abdullah bin Hamdan founds the Hamdanid rule in Mosul and Jazirah.
End of the Tulunid rule in Egypt.

908
End of the Saffarid rule, annexation of their territories by the Samanids.
February, Jamadi Al-Awal, 295 Hijri, Death of the Abbasid Caliph Muktafi, accession of Muqtadir. (IK)

909
Ubaidullah overthrows the Aghlablds and founds the Fatimid rule in North Africa.

912
Death of the Umayyad Amir Abdullah in Spain, accession of Abdur Rahman III.

913
Assassination of the Samanid ruler Ahmad II, accession of Nasr II.

922
26th March, Execution of Mansur Hallaj in Baghdad.

928
Mardawij bin Ziyar founds the Ziyarid rule in Tabaristan.

929
Qarmatians sack Mecca and carry away the Black Stone from the Holy Kaaba. In Spain, Abd al-Rehman III declares himself as the Caliph.

931
Deposition and restoration of the Abbasid Caliph Muqtadir. Death of the Qarmatian ruler Abu Tahir; accession of Abu Mansur.

932
February, Safar, 320 Hijri, Death of the Abbasid Caliph Muqtadir; accession of Al Qahir.

934
April, Jamadi Al-Awal 322 Hijri, Deposition of the Abbasid Caliph AI Qahir; accession of Ar Radi. (IK)
Death of the Fatimid Caliph Ubaidullah, accession of Al Qaim.

935
Assassination of the Ziyarid ruler Mardawij; accession of Washimgir. Death of Hamdanid ruler Abdullah bin Hamdan accession of Nasir ud Daula.

938
Bajkam captures Baghdad.

940
Death of the Abbasid Caliph Ar Radi, accession of Muttaqi.

941
Assassination of Bajkam, capture of power by Kurtakin.

943
The Abbasid Caliph Muttaqi is forced to seek refuge with the Hamdanids. Sail ud Daula captures power at Baghdad and the Caliph returns to
Baghdad.

944
Moharram, Muttaqi is blinded and deposed, accession of Mustakafi.

945
Death of Tuzun. Shirzad becomes Emir Ul Umra. The Buwayhids capture power. Deposition of the Abbasid Caliph Mustakafi.

946
Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al Qaim. Accession of Mansur.
Jamadi Al-Sani, 334 Hijri, Death of Mustakafi and Muti becomes the Caliph.

951
The Qarnaatiana restore the Black Stone to the Holy Kaaba.

953
Ramadan, 341 Hijri, Death of Mansur (Egypt).

954
Death of the Sassanid ruler Nuh, accession of Abdul Malik.

961
Death of the Samanid ruler Abdul Malik, accession of Manauf.
Alptgin founds the rule of the Ghazanavids.
Death of the Umayyad Caliph Abdul Rehman III in Spain; accession of Hakam.

965
Death of the Qarmatian ruler Abu Mansur; accession of Hassan Azam. Assassination of the Ikhshid ruler Abul Hassan Ali; power captured by
Malik Kafur.

967
Death of the Buwayhid Sultan Muiz ud Daula, accession of Bakhtiar. Death of the Hamdanid ruler Sail ud Daula.

968
Byzantines occupy Aleppo.

969
The Fatimids conquer Egypt from Ikshidids and assumes the title of caliphate in Egypt until 1171.
Cairo becomes capital.

971
2nd October/2nd November, Mahumd Ghaznavi is borne.

972
Buluggin bin Ziri founds the rule of the Zirids Algeria.
Jama al Azhar of Cairo is built.

973
Shia Sunni disturbances in Baghdad; power captured in Baghdad by the Turkish General Subuktgin.

974
Zu Al-Kada, 363 Hijri, Abdication of the Abbasid Caliph AI Muttih; accession of At Taii.

975
Death of the Turk General Subuktgin.
Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al Muizz.

976
The Buwayhid Sultan Izz ud Daula recaptures power with the help of his cousin Azud ud Daula. Death of the Samanid ruler Mansur,
accession of Nuh II.
In Spain death of the Umayyad Caliph Hakam, accession of Hisham II.

978
Death of the Buwayhid Sultan Izz ud Daula, power captured by Azud ud Daula. The Hamdanids overthrown by the Buwayhids.

979
Subuktgin becomes the Emir of Ghazni.

981
End of the Qarmatian rule at Bahrain.

982
Death of the- Buwayhid Sultan Azud ud Daula; accession of Samsara ud Daula.

984
Death of the Zirid ruler Buluggin, accession of Mansur.

985
Al-Mansur Ibn Abi Aamir sacks Barcelona.
986
The Buwyhid Sultan Samsara ud Daula overthrown by Sharaf ud Daula.

989
Death of the Buwayhid Sultan Sharaf ud Daula, accession of Baha ud Daula.

991
Deposition of the Abbasid Caliph at Taii, accession of AI Qadir.

996
Death of the Zirid ruler Mansur, accession of Nasir ud Daula Badis.

997
Death of the Samanid ruler Nuh II, accession of Mansur II.
11th August, Muslim forces under Almanzor arrive at the city of Compostela and sack the city.

998
Death of the Samanid ruler Mansur II, accession of Abdul Malik II.
Mahmud becomes the Emir of Ghazni.

999
End of the Samanids.
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