First Barbary War; Thomas Jefferson orders the bombing of the Barbary States of Algiers, Morocco, Tunis and Tripoli.
Shah Abdul Aziz ibn Saud assassinated by a Shia fanatic. Shah Shuja proclaimed as King of Afghanistan.
Ibn Saud captured Medina defeating the Turk garrison.
Usman Dan Fodio established Islamic State of Sokoto in Central Sudan.
Faraizi movement launched in Bengal. Muhammad Ali appointed Pasha of Egypt by the Turks.
Khanate of Khiva came into limelight under the rule of Muhammad Rahim Khan.
19th November, Shah Alam II of India dies and is succeeded by Akbar Shah II.
Kabakçi rebellion resulting in dethronement of Selim III.
Birth of Ali Muhammad Bab founder of Bab movement.
Mecca and Taif captured by Egyptian forces and Saudis expelled from Hejaz.
Iran executed treaty of alliance with the British known as Definitive Treaty.
Death of Ibn Saud II.
British withdrew from Indonesia restoring it to the Dutch.
Beginning of the Greek War of Independence
Death of Maulay Ismail in Morocco.
Malaya became a preserve of the British rule.
Russia declared war against Turkey.
Treaty of Adrianople.
French forces land near Algiers and occupy Algeria ending 313 years rule of Turks.
Syed Ahmad Barelvi and Shah Ismail leaders of Jihad movement in India fell fighting the Sikhs in Balakot.
Turks defeated in the battle of Konia by Egyptian forces.
Abdul Qadir recognised as ruler of the area under his control by the French.
28th September, Akbar Shah II dies and Bahadur Shah II becomes new emperor.
British forces occupy Eden in Yemen.
First Anglo Afghan war (1839-1842). The British fail to achieve their goal.
Quadruple Alliance by the European powers to force Egypt to relinquish Syria.
State of Adamawa established by Adams adjacent to Nigeria.
Amir Abdul Qadir ousted from Algeria by the French. Crosses over to Morocco.
Shah Shuja assassinated ending the Durrani rule in Afghanistan.
12th August, Birth of Muhammad Ahmad bin Abd Allah (also known as Mahdi Sudanese).
Amir Abdul Qadir surrendered to France under the condition of safe conduct to a Muslim country of his choice but France violated its pledge and sent him as a captive to France.
Death of Muhammad Ali pasha.
Ali Muhammad Bab arrested and executed by Iranian government. Qurratul Ain Tabira, a renowned poetess and staunch advocate of Babism also shot dead.
Release of Emir Abdul Qadir by Napoleon III. He settled in Turkey.
Khiva annexed by Russia.
British captured Delhi and eliminated Mughal rule in India after 332 years. Last Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was exiled to Rangoon in Burma. This was also the end of 1000 years of Muslim rule over India.
Imam Shamil laid down arms before Russian forces and the Islamic State of Dagestan became a Russian province.
25th April, Construction of Suez Canal (Egypt) begins.
Maulay Muhammad (Morocco) defeated by Spain.
Death of Sultan Abdul-Majid of Turkey.
Faraizi movement fizzled out after the death of Dadu Miyan.
November, Construction of Suez Canal (Egypt) is completed.
Khoqand State liquidated by Russia.
Russia conquers Samarkand and Bukhara in Uzbekistan.
Jamaluddin Afghani exiled from Afghanistan. He proceeded to Egypt.
Tunisia recognised suzerainty of Turkey through a Firman.
Britain purchased shares of Khediv Ismail in the Suez Canal and got involved in Egyptian affairs.
25th December, Birth of Muhammad Ali Jinnah (India - Pakistan).
Turkey handed over Cyprus to Britain.
Adrianople fell to Russia.
Second Anglo Afghan War (1878-1880).
Jamaluddin Afghani exiled from Egypt.
Treaty of Berlin, Turkey loses 4/5 of its territory in Europe.
France invaded Tunisia and the Bey acknowledged supremacy of France as a result of the treaty of Bardo.
Muhammad Ahmad declared himself Mahdi in northern Sudan.
Battle of Geok Tepe, after defeat Russia occupies Turkmenistan.
Egypt comes under British military occupation.
Death of Amir Abdul Qadir in Damascus.
Muhammad Ahmad declared free Government of Sudan under his rule.
22nd June, Death of Muhammad Ahmad bin Abd Allah (also known as Mahdi Sudanese).
Afghanistan got Wakhan corridor by an understanding with Russia and British India making Afghan border touch China.
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian claimed prophet hood.
State of Bagirimi occupied by the French,
Fall of Mahdi State occupied by the British and the Egyptians jointly.
Ibn Saud (Abd al-Aziz) captures Riyadh.
French forces occupy Morocco.
Morocco becomes a French protectorate under the Conference of Algeciras.
16th January, Algeciras Conference in Spain; France and Spain get the go-ahead to police Moroccan ports and collect customs fees.
Muslim League founded as forum for Indian Muslim separatism.
The beginning of the Young Turks movement in Turkey.
Second Constitutional Era, Annexation of Bosnia to Austria-Hungary.
5th October, Bulgarian Independence from Ottoman Empire.
The first oil well is drilled in the Middle East (Iran).
Italy seizes Libya from Ottoman Empire.
The beginning of the Muhammadiyyah reform movement in Indonesia.
Morocco becomes a French protectorate under the Treaty of Fez.
28th July, Beginning of World War I.
Arab revolt against Ottoman rule. Lawrence of Arabia leads Arab attacks on the Hejaz Railway.
30th October, Armistice signed with Ottomans.
11th November, World War I ends.
July, French forces Occupy Syria.
Abd Allah bin Husayn in made King of Transjordan. His father was the Sharif of Mecca.
Mustafa Kamal abolishes the Turkish Sultanate.
The Turkish Caliphate is abolished.
King Abd al-Aziz conquers Mecca and Medina, which leads to the unification of the Kingdoms of Najd and Hejaz.
Reza Khan seizes the government in Persia and establishes the Pahlavi dynasty.
Abd al-Aziz (Ibn Saud) assumes title of King of Najd and Hejaz.
Death of Zaghlul, an Egyptian nationalist leader.
Turkey is declared a secular state.
Hassan al-Banna founds the Muslim Brotherhood.
14th September, Omar Al-Mukhta (Libya) is executed by Italian forces.
Iraq is granted independence by League of Nations.
War between King Abd al-Aziz and Imam Yahya of the Yemen.
Peace treaty of Ta'if.
Iran becomes the official name of Persia.
Increased Jewish immigration provokes widespread Arab-Jewish fighting in Palestine.
President Ataturk (Turkey) dies, succeeded by Ismet Inonu.
1st September, Second World War begins.
British and Russian forces invade Iran and Reza Shah is forced to abdicate in favour of his son Mohammad Reza Shah in Iran.
Beginning of Zionist terrorist campaign in Palestine.
Lebanon declared its independence.
2nd September, End of World War II.
25th May, The United Nations recognizes Jordan as an independent sovereign kingdom.
14th August, Creation of Pakistan from Muslim Majority area in India.
Creation of state of Israel.
11th September, Death of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, founder of Pakistan.
Hassan al-Banna, leader of the Muslim Brotherhood is assassinated.
Libya becomes independent.
King Farooq of Egypt forced to abdicate.
General Zahedi leads coup against Musaddeq, Shah returns to power.
Coup leader Muhammad Najib becomes president as Egypt is declared a republic.
Death of King Abd al-Aziz (Ibn Saud) of Saudi Arabia.
Fellow coup leader Gamal Abdel Nasser becomes prime minister and in 1956 president, ruling unchallenged until his death in 1970.
British forces leave Egypt.
Morocco becomes independent.
20th March, Tunisia becomes independent.
October, Tripartite Invasion of Egypt by Britain, France and Israel due to the nationalisation of the Suez Canal.
The Bey of Tunisia is deposed, and Bourguiba becomes president.
British troops leave Jordan.
February, Egypt and Syria join to form the United Arab Republic (UAR) in the first step of their aim for Arab unity.
9th January, Construction of Swan Dam in Egypt begins.
June, Mali wins freedom from France.
Syria withdraws from the union with Egypt but Egypt remains known as the UAR.
3rd July, Algeria wins independence from France.
Malcolm X is assassinated.
September, War between India and Pakistan.
June, Six-Day War in which Israel defeats forces of Egypt, Jordan and Syria. Israel takes control of Sinai, the Golan Heights, the Gaza Strip, East Jerusalem and the West Bank.
The enlargement of the Haram in Mecca is completed.
September, King Idris of Libya is ousted by a coup led by Colonel Qadhdhafi.
September, Nasser dies and is replaced by his Vice-President, Anwar al-Sadat.
21st July, Construction of Swan Dam in Egypt is completed (Inaugurated in January 1971).
East Pakistan attempts to secede, leading to civil war. India starts war in support of East Pakistan which eventually breaks away to become Bangladesh.
King Zahir Shah of Afghanistan is overthrown.
October, Egypt and Syria go to war with Israel.
Turkey invades Northern Cyprus.
Death of Elijah Mohammad, leader of Nation of Islam among African Americans in North America.
June, The Suez Canal is re-opened; it had been closed since the 1967 war.
Imam Musa Sadr is apparently assassinated after he disappears on a trip to Libya. He was the religious leader of the Lebanese Twelve-Imam Shiites.
September, Camp David Accords for peace between Israel and Egypt is signed.
15th January, Shah leaves Iran, thus bringing the Pahlavi dynasty to an end.
1st February, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, returns to Iran following 14 years of exile in Iraq and France for opposing the regime.
March, the peace treaty between Egypt and Israel is signed. Egypt is then condemned by other Arab nations and excluded from the Arab League.
Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto of Pakistan is hanged.
24th December, Russian forces invade Afghanistan.
22nd September, Beginning of the Iran-Iraq war.
6th October, Anwar al-Sadat is assassinated by Jihad members.
6th June, Israeli invasion of Lebanon.
Turkey applies for EEC (European Union) membership.
3rd July, American warship shots down Iranian civilian aeroplane, killing 290 people on board.
20th July, War between Iran and Iraq comes to an end.
August, General Zia, the US ambassador and top Pakistan army officials die in an air crash.
15th February, Russian forces withdraw from Afghanistan after failing to achieve its goal.
3rd June, Ayatollah Khomeini of Iran dies.
Egypt re-joins Arab League.
Military annexation of Kuwait by Iraq, under Ba'athist leader Saddam Hussain, is reversed in 1991 by a coalition of United States-led forces.
June, A major earthquake in Iran kills nearly 40,000 people.
Tansu Ciller becomes Turkey's first woman prime minister, and Demirel elected president.
27th September, Taliban enter Kabul after a long battle.
Pakistan conducts its own nuclear tests after India explodes several nuclear devices.
May, Pakistan-backed forces clash with the Indian military in the icy heights around Kargil in Indian-held Kashmir.
October, Hosni Mubarak of Egypt begins his fourth term in office.
October, General Pervez Musharraf of Pakistan seizes power in coup.