Design on a marble column inside the Dome of the Rock - in Arabic it is called al-Sakhra

Design on a marble column inside the Dome of the Rock - in Arabic it is called al-Sakhra

A supportive column inside the Dome of the Rock -  the very first structure was built by Caliph Abd al-Malik between 685 and 691

A supportive column inside the Dome of the Rock - the very first structure was built by Caliph Abd al-Malik between 685 and 691

Detailed designs on the ceiling of the Dome of the Rock - most of the interior is decorated with mosaic, faience and marble

Detailed designs on the ceiling of the Dome of the Rock - most of the interior is decorated with mosaic, faience and marble

A lamp hanging inside this octagonal structure - a small corridor goes around the rock, which is in the middle

A lamp hanging inside this octagonal structure - a small corridor goes around the rock, which is in the middle

Stained glass windows and mosaics on the walls

Stained glass windows and mosaics on the walls

Holy Korans on shelves inside the building

Holy Korans on shelves inside the building

The mosaics in the Dome of the Rock contain no human figures or animals, as per Islamic teachings

The mosaics in the Dome of the Rock contain no human figures or animals, as per Islamic teachings

Far side (away from the main door) of the Dome of the Rock

Far side (away from the main door) of the Dome of the Rock

Columns and pillars which are supporting the structure - The bases of the columns are cased with slabs of marble

Columns and pillars which are supporting the structure - The bases of the columns are cased with slabs of marble

Interior of the dome was undergoing renovation work - below this dome lies the holy rock

Interior of the dome was undergoing renovation work - below this dome lies the holy rock

Wall and ceiling mosaics became very popular in Late Antiquity and adorn many Byzantine churches, thus some of them are reflected here

Wall and ceiling mosaics became very popular in Late Antiquity and adorn many Byzantine churches, thus some of them are reflected here

Capitals on top of the pillars and it also shows the work gone into the ceiling of this building

Capitals on top of the pillars and it also shows the work gone into the ceiling of this building

Decorative ceiling of the Dome of the Rock -

Decorative ceiling of the Dome of the Rock -

One of the finest work of mosaics and stained glass windows - vegetative scrolls and motifs, as well as vessels and winged crowns

One of the finest work of mosaics and stained glass windows - vegetative scrolls and motifs, as well as vessels and winged crowns

This door leads to the bottom of the holy rock where there is a small prayer area

This door leads to the bottom of the holy rock where there is a small prayer area

Some of the designs are included from the other major pre-Islamic civilization of the region, the Sasanian Empire for example

Some of the designs are included from the other major pre-Islamic civilization of the region, the Sasanian Empire for example

A support column and stained windows go around it - it was dark inside the mosque sometimes it was harder to take photos

A support column and stained windows go around it - it was dark inside the mosque sometimes it was harder to take photos

Interior of the dome - the dome of the building is of wood, covered externally with lead, and internally with stucco, richly gilt and painted

Interior of the dome - the dome of the building is of wood, covered externally with lead, and internally with stucco, richly gilt and painted

Ceiling of the Dome of the Rock - the Crusades captured Jerusalem in 1099 and turned this building into a church

Ceiling of the Dome of the Rock - the Crusades captured Jerusalem in 1099 and turned this building into a church

Details of one of the marbled columns - the Crusades named it the Templum Domini (meaning Temple of the Lord)

Details of one of the marbled columns - the Crusades named it the Templum Domini (meaning Temple of the Lord)

Motifs between the marble columns and ceiling - the city was recaptured by the Muslims again in 1187  by a famous commander Saladin

Motifs between the marble columns and ceiling - the city was recaptured by the Muslims again in 1187 by a famous commander Saladin

Byzantines mosaics are reflected here -  some of them reseble to that of Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, it shows the tolerance of the Islamic faith

Byzantines mosaics are reflected here - some of them reseble to that of Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, it shows the tolerance of the Islamic faith

Golden motifs on the walls - the Mamlukes ruled Jerusalem from the 13th to 15th century

Golden motifs on the walls - the Mamlukes ruled Jerusalem from the 13th to 15th century

One of the stained glass windows - Ottoman Turks controlled this holy city till the start of the 20th century

One of the stained glass windows - Ottoman Turks controlled this holy city till the start of the 20th century

Design on the ceiling - Suleiman the Magnificent did a major re-building work on this structure

Design on the ceiling - Suleiman the Magnificent did a major re-building work on this structure

Floral patterns on a column - The British mandate lasted till 1948

Floral patterns on a column - The British mandate lasted till 1948

Interior of the dome under renovation -

Interior of the dome under renovation -

The Dome of the Rock is a building of extraordinary beauty, solidity, elegance, and singularity of shape - Ibn Battuta (a famous Muslim traveler)

The Dome of the Rock is a building of extraordinary beauty, solidity, elegance, and singularity of shape - Ibn Battuta (a famous Muslim traveler)

The greater part is covered with gold so that the eyes of one who gazes on its beauties are dazzled by its brilliance, now glowing like a mass of light, now flashing like lightning -  Ibn Battuta (a famous Muslim traveler)

The greater part is covered with gold so that the eyes of one who gazes on its beauties are dazzled by its brilliance, now glowing like a mass of light, now flashing like lightning - Ibn Battuta (a famous Muslim traveler)

A close view of the shittering inside the dome - this wooden dome is approximately 20 m in diameter,

A close view of the shittering inside the dome - this wooden dome is approximately 20 m in diameter,

A rectangular pattern on a column

A rectangular pattern on a column

A chandelier hanging from the ceiling - there several of these ones in the building

A chandelier hanging from the ceiling - there several of these ones in the building

This is written at on this wooden structure

This is written at on this wooden structure "Maimunah bint Sa'd is reported as saying that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) being asked about a person who is unable to travel to the Aqsa Mosque. The Prophet (peace be upon him) replied, "He should make a gift of oil to be burnt therein"

Abu Umamah al Bahili reported that the Prophet of Allah (peace be upon him) as saying:

Abu Umamah al Bahili reported that the Prophet of Allah (peace be upon him) as saying: "A group of my ummah will remain firm upon the truth, dominating their enemies. They will not be harmed by their opponents until Allah’s decree arrives upon them." They asked: "Oh Prophet of Allah! Where will they be?" He replied: "In Bait al-Maqdis and its surrounding areas."

A crystal ball emitting green light opposite the entry door

A crystal ball emitting green light opposite the entry door

Small decorative columns

Small decorative columns

Mosaics inside the Dome of the Rock - Jerusalem

Mosaics inside the Dome of the Rock - Jerusalem

Ceiling of the Dome of the Rock

Ceiling of the Dome of the Rock

This part of the mosque is close to the main entry door

This part of the mosque is close to the main entry door

Blue tiles had adorned the interior

Blue tiles had adorned the interior

Mehrab of the Mosque of the Dome of the Rock

Mehrab of the Mosque of the Dome of the Rock

A prayer mat at the bottom of the mehrab - this is where imam leads the prayer

A prayer mat at the bottom of the mehrab - this is where imam leads the prayer

Top of the mehrab of the Dome of the Rock

Top of the mehrab of the Dome of the Rock

Display of prayer times inside the Dome of the Rock

Display of prayer times inside the Dome of the Rock

(Temple Mount Page 1) (Temple Mount Page 2) (Dome of the Rock - Exterior) (al-Aqsa Mosque - Exterior) (al-Aqsa Mosque - Interior)