Main tower of the Citadel of Qiatbay in Alexandria - it is situated at the entrance of the eastern harbour on the eastern point of the Pharos Island

Main tower of the Citadel of Qiatbay in Alexandria - it is situated at the entrance of the eastern harbour on the eastern point of the Pharos Island

A small garden in front of the citadel - this citadel was established in 1477 by Mamluk Sultan Al Ashraf Qaitbay to defend the city of Alexandria

A small garden in front of the citadel - this citadel was established in 1477 by Mamluk Sultan Al Ashraf Qaitbay to defend the city of Alexandria

Mutli coloured stones depicting Egyptian flag

Mutli coloured stones depicting Egyptian flag

Cannons along the walkway which leads to the main tower - this citadel was erected on the exact site of the famous Lighthouse of Alexandria

Cannons along the walkway which leads to the main tower - this citadel was erected on the exact site of the famous Lighthouse of Alexandria

Entry door to the main building - the construction of this citadel took around two years to complete

Entry door to the main building - the construction of this citadel took around two years to complete

The wooden door of the citadel can be seen on the left here

The wooden door of the citadel can be seen on the left here

Floor of the Citadel of Qaitbay at the ground level

Floor of the Citadel of Qaitbay at the ground level

Inner walls of the citadel leading to a skylight - the main purpose to build this citadel was to deal with the Ottoman threat

Inner walls of the citadel leading to a skylight - the main purpose to build this citadel was to deal with the Ottoman threat

Skylight of the citadel - the Ottomans conquered Egypt in 1517 but they took good care of this citadel

Skylight of the citadel - the Ottomans conquered Egypt in 1517 but they took good care of this citadel

One of the corridors on the upper level - the Ottomans stationed this citadel with infantry, artillery, a company of drummers and trumpeters, masons and carpenters

One of the corridors on the upper level - the Ottomans stationed this citadel with infantry, artillery, a company of drummers and trumpeters, masons and carpenters

Looking dowanwards from the skylight from the first floor

Looking dowanwards from the skylight from the first floor

Here a guy points at my camera - I wasn't sure if they were happy or unhappy that I was taking their photo

Here a guy points at my camera - I wasn't sure if they were happy or unhappy that I was taking their photo

A hallway on the upper level of the citadel

A hallway on the upper level of the citadel

Interior of the hallway of the Citadel of Qaitbay - Muhammad Ali renovated the old Citadel, restored and repaired its outer ramparts in 1805

Interior of the hallway of the Citadel of Qaitbay - Muhammad Ali renovated the old Citadel, restored and repaired its outer ramparts in 1805

A window which offers view into the open area which leads to the main building

A window which offers view into the open area which leads to the main building

Soldiers were housed here on permanent bases, halls, meeting rooms, kitchen, sleeping area and mosque were part of the citadel

Soldiers were housed here on permanent bases, halls, meeting rooms, kitchen, sleeping area and mosque were part of the citadel

A corridor on the second floor - this floor offers the better views of the harbor

A corridor on the second floor - this floor offers the better views of the harbor

An opening on the second floor looks out to Mediterranean Sea

An opening on the second floor looks out to Mediterranean Sea

An opening in the ceiling which offers view and the light from the above

An opening in the ceiling which offers view and the light from the above

A small corridor leads to the reservoir which was used to store water

A small corridor leads to the reservoir which was used to store water

The reservoir of the citadel

The reservoir of the citadel

On top of the reservoir it has an opening which was used to fetch water from down below

On top of the reservoir it has an opening which was used to fetch water from down below

Exterior of the Citadel of Qaitbay - the British fleet bombarded Alexandria on 11 July 1882 and damaged this beautiful building

Exterior of the Citadel of Qaitbay - the British fleet bombarded Alexandria on 11 July 1882 and damaged this beautiful building

A wall which protects the harbor side of the citadel - the north and western facades were severely damaged by the cannon fire of the British fleet

A wall which protects the harbor side of the citadel - the north and western facades were severely damaged by the cannon fire of the British fleet

Scattered stones beside the walls of the citadel

Scattered stones beside the walls of the citadel

Some of these stones may belong to the Lighthouse of Alexandria

Some of these stones may belong to the Lighthouse of Alexandria

An old stone at the site - some archaeologists believe that many of stones which belong to the Alexandria Lighthouse are underwater now

An old stone at the site - some archaeologists believe that many of stones which belong to the Alexandria Lighthouse are underwater now

A fisherman among the stone blocks - this area is famous for local to enjoy the evening and fishing here

A fisherman among the stone blocks - this area is famous for local to enjoy the evening and fishing here

In the evening some of the smaller boats can be hired

In the evening some of the smaller boats can be hired

A side view of the Citadel of Qaitbay - in 1904, the Ministry of Defence restored the upper floors

A side view of the Citadel of Qaitbay - in 1904, the Ministry of Defence restored the upper floors

One of the four towers of the citadel which are located at the each corner

One of the four towers of the citadel which are located at the each corner

Here it shows the base of a cannon which was installed to protect the city from the naval attack

Here it shows the base of a cannon which was installed to protect the city from the naval attack

A sqaure courtyard in front of the Citadel of Qaitbay

A sqaure courtyard in front of the Citadel of Qaitbay

A cannon at the lower level of the citadel - this cannon is strategically placed to attack the enemy

A cannon at the lower level of the citadel - this cannon is strategically placed to attack the enemy

A cannon looking out to Mediterranean Sea

A cannon looking out to Mediterranean Sea

This corridor opens into a courtyard but also links to other corridor which has cannons inside it

This corridor opens into a courtyard but also links to other corridor which has cannons inside it

The outer defensive walls of the citadel - these walls surround the citadel in order to bolster the defense

The outer defensive walls of the citadel - these walls surround the citadel in order to bolster the defense

A side fiew of the main tower

A side fiew of the main tower

It was almost closing time for the citadel and most of the visitors were leaving now

It was almost closing time for the citadel and most of the visitors were leaving now

This plaque shows the layout of the citadel

This plaque shows the layout of the citadel

Outer defensive walls of the citadel - the biggest restoration work of this citadel dates back to 1984

Outer defensive walls of the citadel - the biggest restoration work of this citadel dates back to 1984

This corner of the citadel has an aquarium it was in bad shape and full of smell I decided not to go inside

This corner of the citadel has an aquarium it was in bad shape and full of smell I decided not to go inside

This photo shows the location of the citadel is at the entrance of the eastern harbour on the eastern point of the Pharos Island

This photo shows the location of the citadel is at the entrance of the eastern harbour on the eastern point of the Pharos Island

Kids enjoying in their own ways

Kids enjoying in their own ways

Few fishermen and a local family next to the citadel

Few fishermen and a local family next to the citadel

These small boats can be hired and they mainly cater for the tourists

These small boats can be hired and they mainly cater for the tourists