Crowd at the security check of the Cairo Citadel - it was a very busy Friday afternoon

Crowd at the security check of the Cairo Citadel - it was a very busy Friday afternoon

Gates of the complex which gives access to the citadel - due to recent unrest in Egypt, security was tight everywhere

Gates of the complex which gives access to the citadel - due to recent unrest in Egypt, security was tight everywhere

The Muqattam Hill is located opposite of the Cairo Citadel - the Arabic name given to this hill means

The Muqattam Hill is located opposite of the Cairo Citadel - the Arabic name given to this hill means "cut off"

After passing the security check, visitors would walk beside the citadel's defensive wall on LHS -  green dome on the left belongs to the Mosque of al-Sultan al-Nasir Muhammad ibn Qalawun

After passing the security check, visitors would walk beside the citadel's defensive wall on LHS - green dome on the left belongs to the Mosque of al-Sultan al-Nasir Muhammad ibn Qalawun

Here two mosques of the citadel can be seen - on left is the Mosque of Muhammad Ali Pasha, on right is the Mosque of al-Sultan al-Nasir Muhammad

Here two mosques of the citadel can be seen - on left is the Mosque of Muhammad Ali Pasha, on right is the Mosque of al-Sultan al-Nasir Muhammad

The Mosque of Muhammad Ali Pasha is located on higher ground and it is visible when approaching Cairo

The Mosque of Muhammad Ali Pasha is located on higher ground and it is visible when approaching Cairo

Defensive walls of the citadel - it is also called the Saladin Citadel (Qala Salah ad-Din in Arabic)

Defensive walls of the citadel - it is also called the Saladin Citadel (Qala Salah ad-Din in Arabic)

A watch tower built in the walls of the citadel - this citadel was fortified by Saladin between 1176 and 1183

A watch tower built in the walls of the citadel - this citadel was fortified by Saladin between 1176 and 1183

This sign shows that citadel is also home to the National Military Museum

This sign shows that citadel is also home to the National Military Museum

This tree is trimmed to perfection to show the name of

This tree is trimmed to perfection to show the name of "Allah"

Due to very busy day, two ambulances were also on the site - the ticket office was located after the ambulances on the left side

Due to very busy day, two ambulances were also on the site - the ticket office was located after the ambulances on the left side

After securing the ticket and dealing with a conman at the ticket office, this corridor brings to the Mosque of Sultan al-Nasir Muhammad on RHS

After securing the ticket and dealing with a conman at the ticket office, this corridor brings to the Mosque of Sultan al-Nasir Muhammad on RHS

A map of the castle - this citadel was completed in 11831184 but the wall was still under construction till 1238 which was to cover both Fustat and Cairo

A map of the castle - this citadel was completed in 11831184 but the wall was still under construction till 1238 which was to cover both Fustat and Cairo

Inner wall of the citadel - access to this part was prohibited

Inner wall of the citadel - access to this part was prohibited

A sign pointing to the Well of Joseph (Yusuf) - this well is mistakenly linked to Prophet Joseph but in truth it refers to Yusuf (birth name of Saladin)

A sign pointing to the Well of Joseph (Yusuf) - this well is mistakenly linked to Prophet Joseph but in truth it refers to Yusuf (birth name of Saladin)

The well was located just beyond the iron cage, access wasn't allowed - Saladin built this 280 feet well to supply the water to citadel

The well was located just beyond the iron cage, access wasn't allowed - Saladin built this 280 feet well to supply the water to citadel

This part of the citadel gives access to the National Military Museum

This part of the citadel gives access to the National Military Museum

Two stone rocks belong to a catapult - this weapon was used for the siege purpose in the past

Two stone rocks belong to a catapult - this weapon was used for the siege purpose in the past

A catapult with a watch tower in the background

A catapult with a watch tower in the background

Here a statue of Muhammad Ali Pasha is shown in front of the National Military Museum

Here a statue of Muhammad Ali Pasha is shown in front of the National Military Museum

Side view of the statue - Muhammad Ali Pasha was an Ottoman governor but later he declared himself independent thus forming the independent Egypt

Side view of the statue - Muhammad Ali Pasha was an Ottoman governor but later he declared himself independent thus forming the independent Egypt

A ruined part of the Cairo Citadel - this citadel was also power house of the Mamluks (slave sultans) and then Muhammad Ali Pasha

A ruined part of the Cairo Citadel - this citadel was also power house of the Mamluks (slave sultans) and then Muhammad Ali Pasha

Now I have come to the opposite side of the citadel - this impressive gate provides access to the upper part of the citadel

Now I have come to the opposite side of the citadel - this impressive gate provides access to the upper part of the citadel

A restaurant inside the Cairo Citadel - this part of the castle is popular among locals

A restaurant inside the Cairo Citadel - this part of the castle is popular among locals

Ruins located on the upper part of the citadel

Ruins located on the upper part of the citadel

A camera crew was filming the site

A camera crew was filming the site

As plaster on the lower part of this wall suggests that this was part of the palace at one stage

As plaster on the lower part of this wall suggests that this was part of the palace at one stage

Domes and minarets of the Muhammad Ali Pasha Mosque - this mosque is unique in Cairo because it is built on the Ottoman architecture style

Domes and minarets of the Muhammad Ali Pasha Mosque - this mosque is unique in Cairo because it is built on the Ottoman architecture style

A side view of the Muhammad Ali Pasha Mosque - this mosque was built in 1848

A side view of the Muhammad Ali Pasha Mosque - this mosque was built in 1848

View of the two mosques from the citadel - on left is the Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Hassan, on right is the Al-Rifai Mosque

View of the two mosques from the citadel - on left is the Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Hassan, on right is the Al-Rifai Mosque

Cairo seen from the higher grounds of the Cairo Citadel

Cairo seen from the higher grounds of the Cairo Citadel

Most of the time Cairo was covered in smog due to high pollution

Most of the time Cairo was covered in smog due to high pollution

Lower parts of the Cairo Citadel which are located between the upper ground and the two mosques (al-Rafai and al-Hassan)

Lower parts of the Cairo Citadel which are located between the upper ground and the two mosques (al-Rafai and al-Hassan)

Some statues and pieces of plaster were dumped in a square room without a roof

Some statues and pieces of plaster were dumped in a square room without a roof

By the looks of the things it seems that at one stage this part of the citadel was a museum

By the looks of the things it seems that at one stage this part of the citadel was a museum

Roof of the lower parts of the Cairo Citadel

Roof of the lower parts of the Cairo Citadel

National Police Museum is also located inside the Cairo Citadel but I decided not to go inside

National Police Museum is also located inside the Cairo Citadel but I decided not to go inside

A strange looking two parts of a structure beside a wall which gives shape to a mehrab

A strange looking two parts of a structure beside a wall which gives shape to a mehrab

A truck bringing supplies for the restaurant

A truck bringing supplies for the restaurant

A young seller beside the Mosque of Muhammad Ali - I stopped there to watch him in action he was so confident in his dealings

A young seller beside the Mosque of Muhammad Ali - I stopped there to watch him in action he was so confident in his dealings

A wing of the prison of the citadel

A wing of the prison of the citadel

A map of the prison - this prison was mostly used for the political prisoners but other criminals were also housed here

A map of the prison - this prison was mostly used for the political prisoners but other criminals were also housed here

One of the doors of the prison

One of the doors of the prison

Second wing of the prison this was in ruins that's why there were no people there

Second wing of the prison this was in ruins that's why there were no people there

Third wing of the prison

Third wing of the prison

Inner walls of the Cairo Citadel - above the wall are the Muhammad Ali Mosque and palaces

Inner walls of the Cairo Citadel - above the wall are the Muhammad Ali Mosque and palaces

A minaret of the Sultan al-Nasir Muhammad Mosque

A minaret of the Sultan al-Nasir Muhammad Mosque

A rear view of the Mosque of Muhammad Ali

A rear view of the Mosque of Muhammad Ali

Walls of the Cairo Citadel - this citadel is located on higher ground and it was the place where rulers stayed untill 19th century

Walls of the Cairo Citadel - this citadel is located on higher ground and it was the place where rulers stayed untill 19th century

A side view of the newer part of the defensive wall

A side view of the newer part of the defensive wall

An iron structure between the al-Gawhara Palace and Muhammad Ali Mosque

An iron structure between the al-Gawhara Palace and Muhammad Ali Mosque

Visitors coming to the higher ground from a ramp next to the al-Gawhara Palace

Visitors coming to the higher ground from a ramp next to the al-Gawhara Palace

Mosque of Muhammad Ali seen from the lower courtyard of the al-Gawhara Palace

Mosque of Muhammad Ali seen from the lower courtyard of the al-Gawhara Palace

An impressive looking arch of one of the inner gates

An impressive looking arch of one of the inner gates

An inner courtyard of the Cairo Citadel

An inner courtyard of the Cairo Citadel

It was time to leave for the most visitors - people coming from the upper part of the citadel

It was time to leave for the most visitors - people coming from the upper part of the citadel

A sign showing Muhammad Ali Pasha and his mosque in the background

A sign showing Muhammad Ali Pasha and his mosque in the background

When coming out of the citadel, gentle slopes bring visitors on the lower grounds of the city

When coming out of the citadel, gentle slopes bring visitors on the lower grounds of the city

Walls of the Cairo Citadel

Walls of the Cairo Citadel

One final look at the green dome of the al-Nasir Mosque and the Mokattam Tower of the citadel

One final look at the green dome of the al-Nasir Mosque and the Mokattam Tower of the citadel