A sign in front of the al-Gawhara Palace that it was closed - it is also known as Bijou Palace and al-Johra Palace in Arabic meaning

A sign in front of the al-Gawhara Palace that it was closed - it is also known as Bijou Palace and al-Johra Palace in Arabic meaning "the Jewel Palace"

Exterior of the al-Gawhara Palace - this palace is situated to the south of the Mosque of Muhammad Ali in the Cairo Citadel

Exterior of the al-Gawhara Palace - this palace is situated to the south of the Mosque of Muhammad Ali in the Cairo Citadel

Area in front of one of the main entry door - it requires immediate renovation

Area in front of one of the main entry door - it requires immediate renovation

Two lions at the entrace of one of the gates - this palace was built by Muhammad Ali Pasha in 1814

Two lions at the entrace of one of the gates - this palace was built by Muhammad Ali Pasha in 1814

Windows in one of the externals walls of the palace - Artisans from Greece, Turkey, Bulgaria and Albania were involved in the construction of this palace

Windows in one of the externals walls of the palace - Artisans from Greece, Turkey, Bulgaria and Albania were involved in the construction of this palace

A courtyard in front of the al-Gawhara Palace in the Cairo Citadel

A courtyard in front of the al-Gawhara Palace in the Cairo Citadel

Front courtyard of the palace with a fountain which is dry now

Front courtyard of the palace with a fountain which is dry now

An iron structure beside the courtyard - the Mosque of Muhammad Ali can be seen in the background

An iron structure beside the courtyard - the Mosque of Muhammad Ali can be seen in the background

Stairs give access to the lower part of the palace

Stairs give access to the lower part of the palace

These small oval windows are called Oeil-de-boeuf (Bull's Eye)

These small oval windows are called Oeil-de-boeuf (Bull's Eye)

A structure made from iron extends outwards from the al-Gawhara Palace

A structure made from iron extends outwards from the al-Gawhara Palace

This palace complex included barracks, schools, an arsenal, a gun-powder factory and even a mint

This palace complex included barracks, schools, an arsenal, a gun-powder factory and even a mint

An internal wall of a room inside the palace

An internal wall of a room inside the palace

Old details on the walls of this room still can be seen - a fire broke out in in 1822 and it lasted for two days

Old details on the walls of this room still can be seen - a fire broke out in in 1822 and it lasted for two days

Crumbling walls of the al-Gawhara Palace in the Cairo Citadel

Crumbling walls of the al-Gawhara Palace in the Cairo Citadel

Exterior of the al-Gawhara Palace  - another fire broke out in 1824 and it caused further damage

Exterior of the al-Gawhara Palace - another fire broke out in 1824 and it caused further damage

Iron beams supporting a crumbling wall

Iron beams supporting a crumbling wall

Lower part of the al-Gawhara Palace - the Gawhara Palace has also functioned as a museum hosting the valuable belongings of the last royal family of Egypt

Lower part of the al-Gawhara Palace - the Gawhara Palace has also functioned as a museum hosting the valuable belongings of the last royal family of Egypt

A huge courtyard at the lower level of the palace - it was also the seat of the power of Mohamed Ali and it was where he held his official meetings and ceremonies

A huge courtyard at the lower level of the palace - it was also the seat of the power of Mohamed Ali and it was where he held his official meetings and ceremonies

It was a very busy Friday evening at the Cairo Citadel

It was a very busy Friday evening at the Cairo Citadel

This palace is also the site of the Massacre of the Citadel

This palace is also the site of the Massacre of the Citadel

Mohammad Ali invited Mamluks in this palace for a feast and then killed them when they were about to leave the palace

Mohammad Ali invited Mamluks in this palace for a feast and then killed them when they were about to leave the palace

Killing of the Mamluks brought to end to their rule which had lasted for few centuries

Killing of the Mamluks brought to end to their rule which had lasted for few centuries

Lower part of the terrace which gives access to the rooms above it

Lower part of the terrace which gives access to the rooms above it