Alcacova (Alcazaba) is part of the  Mertola Museum and it is situated at Rua Elias Garcia

Alcacova (Alcazaba) is part of the Mertola Museum and it is situated at Rua Elias Garcia

A replica of an Islamic house is next to the ruins of the Almohad Neighbourhood

A replica of an Islamic house is next to the ruins of the Almohad Neighbourhood

This is the central patio of the house - at times, flowers or vegetables were rgown in the patio area

This is the central patio of the house - at times, flowers or vegetables were rgown in the patio area

This is the smaller room of the house - these houses were built inside the city walls

This is the smaller room of the house - these houses were built inside the city walls

All of the houses have sewers and waste was brought outside the city walls

All of the houses have sewers and waste was brought outside the city walls

Alcove was always the main room of the house, one or two rooms would be built next to the Alcove

Alcove was always the main room of the house, one or two rooms would be built next to the Alcove

Most of the houses during the Muslim period would have a weaving workshop

Most of the houses during the Muslim period would have a weaving workshop

This is where grandmothers, mothers and daughters would make blankets for the family use

This is where grandmothers, mothers and daughters would make blankets for the family use

Kitchen was an important part of the family life during the Muslim period, most of the times, it would have two spaces

Kitchen was an important part of the family life during the Muslim period, most of the times, it would have two spaces

One space would be used for cooking and second for the storage

One space would be used for cooking and second for the storage

In the storage area of the kitchen, large water pots were used to store the water

In the storage area of the kitchen, large water pots were used to store the water

While Europe was suffering with the hygiene problems, the Muslim houses would have a latrine, linked with the sewer

While Europe was suffering with the hygiene problems, the Muslim houses would have a latrine, linked with the sewer

These photos show how the old ruins from the Muslim times looked like

These photos show how the old ruins from the Muslim times looked like

In one of the rooms, various cooking pots were displayed - they all are from the early 13th century

In one of the rooms, various cooking pots were displayed - they all are from the early 13th century

All of these ceramic pots would be used in a common household, ranging from preparing food to eating and storage

All of these ceramic pots would be used in a common household, ranging from preparing food to eating and storage

This area was the part of the Almohad Neighbourhood, all of the houses would have, a kitchen, a storage room, main hall and one or two rooms next to it

This area was the part of the Almohad Neighbourhood, all of the houses would have, a kitchen, a storage room, main hall and one or two rooms next to it

Ruins of the Almohad Neighbourhood of Mertola - all of the houses were connected with the sewers

Ruins of the Almohad Neighbourhood of Mertola - all of the houses were connected with the sewers

Here, a section of the ruins is protected by a shed - under the structure lies the mosaics from the Roman period

Here, a section of the ruins is protected by a shed - under the structure lies the mosaics from the Roman period

These mythological scenes show the struggle between the Good and Evil

These mythological scenes show the struggle between the Good and Evil

The Classical hero Bellerophon, in the figure of Saint Michael or Saint George kills Chimera

The Classical hero Bellerophon, in the figure of Saint Michael or Saint George kills Chimera

Some of the covered ruins in the Almohad Neighbourhood or the Islamic Neighbourhood (Bairro Islamico)

Some of the covered ruins in the Almohad Neighbourhood or the Islamic Neighbourhood (Bairro Islamico)

Mertola was conquered by Sancho II of Portugal in 1238

Mertola was conquered by Sancho II of Portugal in 1238

Then Mertola was given to the Knights of the Order of Santiago after the conquest

Then Mertola was given to the Knights of the Order of Santiago after the conquest

The Castle of Mertola seen from the Islamic ruins - Knights of the Order of Santiago established here in this castle till 1316

The Castle of Mertola seen from the Islamic ruins - Knights of the Order of Santiago established here in this castle till 1316

In corner of the Islamic neighbourhood lies a cemetery known as Cemitério de Mértola

In corner of the Islamic neighbourhood lies a cemetery known as Cemitério de Mértola

The entrance of the cemetery lies at the back of the ruins, next to the castle walls

The entrance of the cemetery lies at the back of the ruins, next to the castle walls

A panoramic view of Mertola city, seen from the Islamic ruins

A panoramic view of Mertola city, seen from the Islamic ruins

Mertola is located in the Alentejo region of Portugal, next to the Spanish border

Mertola is located in the Alentejo region of Portugal, next to the Spanish border

Mertola is surrounded by the Alentejo National Park

Mertola is surrounded by the Alentejo National Park

This is the entrance of the crypto-portico, an underground gallery

This is the entrance of the crypto-portico, an underground gallery

It is 32m in length and 6m in height and it was cleared from the obstructions by the Mertola Archaeological Site in 1980

It is 32m in length and 6m in height and it was cleared from the obstructions by the Mertola Archaeological Site in 1980

The construction is from the 5th century A.D. - in the past it provided support for the Episcopal Palace and later it was used as storage and a cistern

The construction is from the 5th century A.D. - in the past it provided support for the Episcopal Palace and later it was used as storage and a cistern

This photo shows how the crypto-portico had looked like during the Roman times

This photo shows how the crypto-portico had looked like during the Roman times

In this hutning scene mosaic, a knight with a falcon can be seen among an ostrich and other birds

In this hutning scene mosaic, a knight with a falcon can be seen among an ostrich and other birds

Ruins of the Islamic neighbourhood with the Castle of Mertola in the background

Ruins of the Islamic neighbourhood with the Castle of Mertola in the background

This part of the city was destroyed or abandoned after the conquest of the city in 1238

This part of the city was destroyed or abandoned after the conquest of the city in 1238

This land was transformed into a cemetery and forgotten for many centuries

This land was transformed into a cemetery and forgotten for many centuries

A typical house in the area was connected to the main street through a single door

A typical house in the area was connected to the main street through a single door

Inside the house, small domestic workshops, such as weaving, pottery and preserving food were arranged

Inside the house, small domestic workshops, such as weaving, pottery and preserving food were arranged

Now, this area is an open archaeological site

Now, this area is an open archaeological site

Some of the parts and fragments found at this site show how the buildings were built in the past

Some of the parts and fragments found at this site show how the buildings were built in the past

It is an impressive site with the wonderful views of the area

It is an impressive site with the wonderful views of the area

Now, Mertola is known for preserving one of the best sites in whole Portugal

Now, Mertola is known for preserving one of the best sites in whole Portugal

A view of Mertola city with a bridge over River Guadiana

A view of Mertola city with a bridge over River Guadiana

The town is built on small hills which is the hallmark of the area

The town is built on small hills which is the hallmark of the area