Olive trees beside Calle Suárez de Figueroa, next to the Alcazaba of Badajoz

Olive trees beside Calle Suárez de Figueroa, next to the Alcazaba of Badajoz

Here, a Statue of Ibn Marwan is erected beside the walls of alcazaba - Ibn Marwan's full name was Abd al Rahman Ibn Marwan ibn Yunus (d.889)

Here, a Statue of Ibn Marwan is erected beside the walls of alcazaba - Ibn Marwan's full name was Abd al Rahman Ibn Marwan ibn Yunus (d.889)

He was also known as al-Galisi (son of a Gallaecian) - he was original from Portugal but later he settled in Merida

He was also known as al-Galisi (son of a Gallaecian) - he was original from Portugal but later he settled in Merida

He fought few wars with the Emir of Cordoba,  Muhammad I

He fought few wars with the Emir of Cordoba, Muhammad I

In the end, he was allowed to settle in Badajoz as a part of his surrendering terms

In the end, he was allowed to settle in Badajoz as a part of his surrendering terms

Ibn Marwan was able to assert his power over Gharb Al-Andalus (now portugal)

Ibn Marwan was able to assert his power over Gharb Al-Andalus (now portugal)

Looking back at the statue of Ibn Marwan while standing in front of the walls of alcazaba

Looking back at the statue of Ibn Marwan while standing in front of the walls of alcazaba

Walls of the Alcazaba of Badajoz - Ibn Marwan fortifies this city and later he was able to take more areas under his control

Walls of the Alcazaba of Badajoz - Ibn Marwan fortifies this city and later he was able to take more areas under his control

A bench outside the walls of alcazaba - this fortress played an important role in order to control the areas between Spain and Portugal

A bench outside the walls of alcazaba - this fortress played an important role in order to control the areas between Spain and Portugal

Puerta de Yelves o de Carros, seen from the outside while aproaching from Calle Suarez de Figueroa

Puerta de Yelves o de Carros, seen from the outside while aproaching from Calle Suarez de Figueroa

A street named as Parque Alcazaba brings its visitors to the inner buildings of the fortress

A street named as Parque Alcazaba brings its visitors to the inner buildings of the fortress

Looking downwards at the slope of the hill where alcazaba is built - a fortess had existed here from the 9th century

Looking downwards at the slope of the hill where alcazaba is built - a fortess had existed here from the 9th century

The fortress which we see today is from 12th century and it was built by Abu Yaqub Yusuf

The fortress which we see today is from 12th century and it was built by Abu Yaqub Yusuf

A small pillar is placed in the corner of the wall to support the weight

A small pillar is placed in the corner of the wall to support the weight

An arch like structure was the entry point into the fortress through Puerta de Yelves

An arch like structure was the entry point into the fortress through Puerta de Yelves

An old arch of the Puerta de Yelves - it is believed that access to this side of the fortress was through this arch

An old arch of the Puerta de Yelves - it is believed that access to this side of the fortress was through this arch

Looking out to the city of Badajoz from the Parque Alcazaba

Looking out to the city of Badajoz from the Parque Alcazaba

A paved road brings the visitors all the way to the Library of Extremadura (Biblioteca de Extremadura)

A paved road brings the visitors all the way to the Library of Extremadura (Biblioteca de Extremadura)

Flowers beside the Parque Alcazaba, next to the Puerta de Yelves

Flowers beside the Parque Alcazaba, next to the Puerta de Yelves

This is the second arch of the medieval door of Puerta de Yelves, this is how the access to the alcazaba was controlled during the Muslim times in Badajoz

This is the second arch of the medieval door of Puerta de Yelves, this is how the access to the alcazaba was controlled during the Muslim times in Badajoz

This is the Horca Tower (Gallows Tower) of the alcazaba - it is believed that this tower was used to hang the people

This is the Horca Tower (Gallows Tower) of the alcazaba - it is believed that this tower was used to hang the people

In the 17th century this tower was used as a guard post and later a house was established here till the 19th century

In the 17th century this tower was used as a guard post and later a house was established here till the 19th century

Looking back at the ramparts of the fortress, Puerta de Yelves 's old arch can be seen to the right

Looking back at the ramparts of the fortress, Puerta de Yelves 's old arch can be seen to the right

A walk at the ramparts of the alcazaba offers wonderful views of the city and its surrounding areas

A walk at the ramparts of the alcazaba offers wonderful views of the city and its surrounding areas

The Pendon Tower stands at the north-western end of the citadel - its name come from the assumption that the flag or banner of city flew here

The Pendon Tower stands at the north-western end of the citadel - its name come from the assumption that the flag or banner of city flew here

Old ruins in the centre of the fortress - this 72,500 square metre fortress is the largest in Spain

Old ruins in the centre of the fortress - this 72,500 square metre fortress is the largest in Spain

Puente Autonomia and Puente de Palmas (Bridge of Palms) over River Guadiana, seen from the alcazaba

Puente Autonomia and Puente de Palmas (Bridge of Palms) over River Guadiana, seen from the alcazaba

Buildings seen on the opposite bank of the River Guadiana while walking on the ramparts of the fortress

Buildings seen on the opposite bank of the River Guadiana while walking on the ramparts of the fortress

The Alcazaba was declared a monument of Historic and Artistic Interest in 1931

The Alcazaba was declared a monument of Historic and Artistic Interest in 1931

The Rosario Battery was built in the 16th century - the Almohad walls of the castle were filled with the earth in order to combat the artillery

The Rosario Battery was built in the 16th century - the Almohad walls of the castle were filled with the earth in order to combat the artillery

The battery was built to defend the section between the head of the Palmas Bridge and the Fort of San Cristobal

The battery was built to defend the section between the head of the Palmas Bridge and the Fort of San Cristobal

A water gap wall was built in 1763 because the battery built in the previous century was destroyed by the landslide

A water gap wall was built in 1763 because the battery built in the previous century was destroyed by the landslide

Torre de las Siete Ventanas (tower of the Seven Windows) used to exist here but the current tower is much different in design

Torre de las Siete Ventanas (tower of the Seven Windows) used to exist here but the current tower is much different in design

A second coracha of the fortress beigns at this tower from the Almohad period - this access was created to fetch water from the River Guadiana

A second coracha of the fortress beigns at this tower from the Almohad period - this access was created to fetch water from the River Guadiana

Ronda de Circunvalacion Reina Sofia passes beside the walls and towers of the alcazaba

Ronda de Circunvalacion Reina Sofia passes beside the walls and towers of the alcazaba

Walls and towers of the Alcazaba of Badajoz

Walls and towers of the Alcazaba of Badajoz

Here, River Guadiana splits into two and one of the branches passes closer to the walls of the fortress

Here, River Guadiana splits into two and one of the branches passes closer to the walls of the fortress

Goats and sheep grazing in the area between two branches of the river

Goats and sheep grazing in the area between two branches of the river

This Alcazaba of Badajoz is one of the largest monument in Spain, built by the Arabs

This Alcazaba of Badajoz is one of the largest monument in Spain, built by the Arabs

It covered a 8 hectare sight where population lived inside the walls peacefully

It covered a 8 hectare sight where population lived inside the walls peacefully

These are the remains of the 13th century church which was built over the Muslim mosque of the alcazaba

These are the remains of the 13th century church which was built over the Muslim mosque of the alcazaba

These ruined arches may belong to a mosque which had existed here

These ruined arches may belong to a mosque which had existed here

The city of Badajoz was well protected during the Muslim times with the walls around the fortress

The city of Badajoz was well protected during the Muslim times with the walls around the fortress

This fortress has an oval layout and it is reinforced with the barbican, towers and bastions

This fortress has an oval layout and it is reinforced with the barbican, towers and bastions

Looking out beyond the walls of alcazaba, from here one could see all the way to Elvas in Portugal

Looking out beyond the walls of alcazaba, from here one could see all the way to Elvas in Portugal

A small hill sits in the middle of the alcazaba, maybe it was formed while moving the earth to built the Rosario Battery

A small hill sits in the middle of the alcazaba, maybe it was formed while moving the earth to built the Rosario Battery

Looking downward at the old ruins of the church and former mosque with the walls in the background

Looking downward at the old ruins of the church and former mosque with the walls in the background

A play area is created for children while adults can enjoy the beauty and history of this site

A play area is created for children while adults can enjoy the beauty and history of this site

Here, to the left a public car park is created for the visitors

Here, to the left a public car park is created for the visitors

This is the building of the Archaeological Museum of Badajoz, in the past, it was the Palace of the Counts of La Roca

This is the building of the Archaeological Museum of Badajoz, in the past, it was the Palace of the Counts of La Roca

The Plaza of San Jose seen from the ramparts of the alcazaba - inside this square lies the Convento de las Adoratrices

The Plaza of San Jose seen from the ramparts of the alcazaba - inside this square lies the Convento de las Adoratrices

Torre de la Puerta del Capitel (Tower of the Capital Door) sits beside the door with the same name

Torre de la Puerta del Capitel (Tower of the Capital Door) sits beside the door with the same name

One of the towers in the walls of alcazaba, facing the Plaza Alta

One of the towers in the walls of alcazaba, facing the Plaza Alta

Plaza Alta (the High Square) is situated next ot the walls of alcazba

Plaza Alta (the High Square) is situated next ot the walls of alcazba

Plaza Alta is known for having beautiful arches which support buildings decorated in traditional Mudéjar motifs in various colors

Plaza Alta is known for having beautiful arches which support buildings decorated in traditional Mudéjar motifs in various colors

A closer look at the buildings which make the main facade of the square

A closer look at the buildings which make the main facade of the square

City of Badajoz seen from the walls of alcazaba

City of Badajoz seen from the walls of alcazaba

Torre Abarlongada is one of the watchtowers in the wall of alcazaba

Torre Abarlongada is one of the watchtowers in the wall of alcazaba

Torre de Espantaperros can be seen in this photo

Torre de Espantaperros can be seen in this photo

This side of the alcazaba was on a low slope so more towers were built to defend the fortress

This side of the alcazaba was on a low slope so more towers were built to defend the fortress

Buildings inside the Plaza San Jose

Buildings inside the Plaza San Jose

Convento de las Adoratrices is also situated inside the Plaza San Jose

Convento de las Adoratrices is also situated inside the Plaza San Jose

Arches of the Moorish House, these are one of the oldest surviving houses in Badajoz

Arches of the Moorish House, these are one of the oldest surviving houses in Badajoz